200-101 B.C. - The Han Dynasty & The Romans

Introduction

A note on the above photo

Listen to the era here.

 

200 B.C.

RULERS & ROYALTY: The Han Dynasty rules in China

 

188 B.C.  

RULERS & ROYALTY: The Han Dynasty rules in China

Seleucids driven from Asia Minor by Romans 

 

175 B.C.  

RULERS & ROYALTY: The Han Dynasty rules in China – Antiochus IV (Epiphanes) begins his rule over Syro-Palestine

 

168 B.C.

RULERS & ROYALTY: The Han Dynasty rules in China – Antiochus IV (Epiphanes) rules over Syro-Palestine

Antiochus IV (Epiphanes), Seleucid king of Syria, pillages temple; soldiers of Antiochus defile Jerusalem temple

 

167 B.C.   

RULERS & ROYALTY: The Han Dynasty rules in China – Antiochus IV (Epiphanes) rules over Syro-Palestine

Maccabean revolt against the Syrians, celebration of Hanukah comes from this revolt

 

163 B.C. 

RULERS & ROYALTY: The Han Dynasty rules in China  Antiochus IV’s (Epiphanes) rule ends

 

146 B.C.  

RULERS & ROYALTY: The Han Dynasty rules in China 

Punic Wars, or Carthaginian Wars end between Rome and the Phoenician city of Carthage (in modern-day Tunisia), the city falls to Rome and is plundered and burned, fulfilling the demand of the senator and orator Cato the Elder that had been distilled in the phrase, “Carthage must be destroyed.” (Encyclopedia Britannica)

 

142 B.C.  

RULERS & ROYALTY: The Han Dynasty rules in China 

 

141 B.C.  

RULERS & ROYALTY: The Han Dynasty rules in China 

Hasmonean Period begins in Israel – Persis (coming from the word “Persian,” Persis is a city in modern-day Iran) passes from Seleucid to Parthian domination, basically the Persians took back their kingdom from the Greeks

 

133 B.C.  

RULERS & ROYALTY: The Han Dynasty rules in China 

Extensions are made to the Great Wall of China because, despite the Han Empire’s military success, tribes such as the Xiongnu, Xianbei, and Wuhuan remained a constant threat, which prompted the government to extend the Great Wall right across China’s northern border, the extension not only provided a defense against northern tribes but also allowed the Han to open a safe passage westward and establish profitable trade bonds with the outside world, giving rise to the famous Silk Road (History of the World, Map by Map pg. 83)

 

132 B.C.  

RULERS & ROYALTY: The Han Dynasty rules in China 

 

131 B.C.  

RULERS & ROYALTY: The Han Dynasty rules in China 

 

130 B.C.  

RULERS & ROYALTY: The Han Dynasty rules in China 

 

129 B.C.  

RULERS & ROYALTY: The Han Dynasty rules in China 

Parthians conquer Mesopotamia, so now the Silk Road to China is controlled by the Parthians (Persians) (ancient.eu)  

 

126 B.C.  

RULERS & ROYALTY: The Han Dynasty rules in China – Hellenistic/Seleucid rule in Mesopotamia ends and Parthian period begins

 

125 B.C.  

RULERS & ROYALTY: The Han Dynasty rules in China 

 

122 B.C.  

RULERS & ROYALTY: The Han Dynasty rules in China 

The Roman senate entrusts Gaius Gracchus and Marcus Flavius Flaccus with the founding a colony on the site of Carthage, the venture was largely unsuccessful, though later Julius Ceasar send a number of landless citizens there

 

109 B.C.  

RULERS & ROYALTY: The Han Dynasty rules in China 

In Korea (at this time, the Joseon Kingdom) a king named Ugeo tries to block or monopolize trade between Wudi, the Han emperor of China, and the tribal peoples of the area, he becomes such an annoyance to the Chinese emperor, that Wudi invades the Joseon Kingdom and next year in 108, Wudi is murdered by his own ministers and submits to China’s rule

 

108 B.C.  

RULERS & ROYALTY: The Han Dynasty rules in China 

Korea (at this time, the Joseon Kingdom) submits to China’s rule, and China sets up a remote frontier outpost of its empire in the vicinity of present-day Pyongyang, it has two purposes: one is to create trade between the locals and Japan, and the other is to keep an eye on the Koreans, the Chinese called them “eastern barbarians,” during this period of Chinese rule, Korean acquired artisan skills and ideas about how to organize society (A Brief History of Korea pg. 18)

 

106 B.C.  

RULERS & ROYALTY: The Han Dynasty rules in China 

January 3, Cicero (Roman statesman, lawyer, scholar and academic skeptic) is born in Arpino, Italy