1300-1329 A.D. - Chaucer & The Black Death

1300 

RULERS & ROYALTY: Edward I "Longshanks" is king of England – Philip IV is king of France – Andrey III is on the Russian throne

In Constantinople, an icon of St. John the Baptist is painted on gold-leaf on a linen-faced panel, it was probably painted for the personal devotions of someone of high rank, it is now held in the British Museum (Collections of the British Museum pg. 127)

Sometime during the 14th century, the Islamic stone town of Songo Mnara is built on an island off the Swahili Coast of Tanzania, archaeologists have found six mosques, four cemeteries, and two dozen house blocks along with three enclosed open spaces on the island, it was constructed from rough-coral and mortar and was built as one of many trade towns on the Indian Ocean, it was occupied until the 1500s, on an island close to this one, another port city named Kilwa Kisiwani had already been established since the 11th century,

“Meanwhile [see year 1000 A.D.] Berber [North African nomadic tribes that by this time had become Islamized] merchants and nomads of the Sahara had initiated a trans-Saharan trade in gold and slaves that incorporated the lands of the Sudan into the Islamic world. Those achievements of the Barbar were celebrated in a massive history of North Africa by the 14th century Arab historian Ibn Khaldun [born in 1322]. By then, however, the Berbers were in retreat, subjected to Arabization of two very different kinds."

The Ebstorf mappa mundi is created, it has one of the first representations of German lands, it’s a giant circular, eastern-oriented map, measuring more than 3.5 meters across, the Ebstorf world map shows some 500 buildings representing towns, churches, castles and monasteries; the map also reveals more than 100 bodies of water, a great many islands and mountains, 45 human or humanlike creatures, and about 60 animals, “Unlike modern world maps that depict the earth in a moment of time, the Ebstorf map fused past and present, religious and worldly, into a comprehensive history of God, man and nature” (Germany, A Nation in its Time, Pg. 4)

 

1301

 

1302  

RULERS & ROYALTY: Edward I “Longshanks” is king of England

A fire destroys much of the royal palace at Winchester, but the Great Hall survives (Castles, Palaces, and Stately Homes of Britain and Ireland, Pg. 14)

 

1303

 

 

1304

 

 

1305

 

 

1306

 

 

1307  

RULERS & ROYALTY: Edward I “Longshanks” dies (buried in Westminster Abbey), and his son Edward II of Caernarfon becomes king of England

 

1308

 

 

1309

 

 

1310

 

 

1311

 

 

1312 

RULERS & ROYALTY: Edward II is king of England

The Golden Horde (part of the Mongol Empire), under Batu Kahn, adopts Islam (Wikipedia, Golden Horde)

 

1313

 

1314  

RULERS & ROYALTY: Edward II is king of England – Philip IV of France dies and Louis X becomes king of France

 

1315 

 

1316  

RULERS & ROYALTY: Edward II is king of England – Louis X of France dies and John I becomes king of France (Nov. 15-20), then Philip V becomes king of France

 

1317

 

 

1318

 

 

1319

 

 

1320

 

 

1321

 

 

1322 

RULERS & ROYALTY: Edward II is king of England – Philip V of France dies and Charles IV becomes king of France

 

1323

 

 

1324 

RULERS & ROYALTY: Edward II is king of England

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January 8, Marco Polo dies in Venice

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1325

RULERS & ROYALTY: Edward II is king of England

A princess from a Native American tribe is betrothed to an Aztec prince (the Aztecs are a small tribe right now), but when the 13 year old girl goes with the Aztecs to perform a ceremony at their temple, instead of honoring her, they sacrifice her, take out her heart, then flay her and wear her skin in a dance before her father; Enraged, the father and his men chase the Aztecs out of the area, and the Aztecs settle in the swampy region of lake Texcoco, near modern day Mexico City; The Aztecs begin to build a city there, not too far from an already ruined city called Teotihuacan, which they thought had been the city of the gods, and the birthplace of the sun (History Channel YouTube Video)

 

1326

RULERS & ROYALTY: Edward II is king of England

 

1327

RULERS & ROYALTY: Edward II is king of England until January 20, when he is murdered, aged 43, and his son Edward III, becomes king (House of Plantagenet)   

 

1328

RULERS & ROYALTY: Edward III is king of England (House of Plantagenet) –Charles IV of France dies, and Philip VI becomes king of France (House of Valois)

 

1329