800-701 B.C. - Assyria

Introduction

Listen to the sounds of the era here.

 

800 B.C.  

  • Iron Age hillfort created where Dover Castle will eventually stand, massive earth ramparts and ditches are constructed that will provide the foundation for the medieval castle’s curtain walls, regular cross-training trading takes place
  • At this time, the people of Carthage (Phoenician city in present-day Tunisia) were mining silver in North Africa and southern Spain near modern day Cádiz

799   – Around the eighth century, the first wave of Celts arrived in Britain from

mainland Europe

792   – King Uzziah (also known as Azariah) begins his reign in Judah (2 Kings 15:1,

Arch. Study Bible says 792, UTP 208 says 790, could have something to do

with a co-regency at the beginning), he is the first king mentioned

in Isaiah 1:1, Uzziah reigned for 52 years (12 years as co-regent), Isaiah

began his ministry during his reign and receives his prophetic commission the year Uzziah died (740 B.C.) in Isaiah 6:1

775   – Earliest archaeological data for the foundation of the Phoenician city of

Carthage—modern-day Tunisia—dates to the last quarter of the 8th century B.C.,

Carthage was a Phoenician maritime colony, they chose these colonies with great

care, “focusing on the quality of harbors and their proximity to trade routes. The site

chosen for Carthage in the center of the shore of the Gulf of Tunis was ideal; the

city was built on a triangular peninsula covered with low hills and backed by the Lake

of Tunis, with its safe anchorage and abundant supplies of fish” Tradition says that it

was Phoenicians of Tyre that settled the city, later the Romans called the people of

Carthage “Poeni,” where we get the word “Punic” as in the “Punic Wars” between

the city of Carthage and the Romans between the middle of the 200s to the middle

of the 100s (EB)

770   – Jonah in Nineveh (770-750)

750   – The Mayan Civilization builds their first cities

743   – Ahaz becomes king/co-regent of Judah (he rules for 16 years during Isaiah’s

ministry, King Uzziah, his grandfather, is still alive, but probably suffering from leprosy)

742   – Micah’s ministry in Judah begins (742-687) He writes in his book “But

you, Bethlehem Ephrathah, though you are small among the clans of

Judah, out of you will come for Me one who will be ruler over Israel,

whose origins are from of old, from ancient times (or everlasting).”

Micah 5:2 which Matthew quotes in his gospel in 70-80 A.D.  

740   – King Uzziah (also known as Azariah) of Judah dies, Isaiah receives a

revelation of God’s glory in the Temple (Isaiah 6:1-8) which promises

restoration despite the coming judgment on Israel

(722) and the Temple (586), his ministry begins in Judah (740-681)

Isaiah also receives these messages/prophecies, “Therefore the Lord

Himself will give you a sign: The Virgin will be with child and will give

birth to a son, and will call Him Immanuel (God with us)” Is. 8:14, and

also “The people walking in darkness have seen a great light; on those

living in the land of the shadow of death a light has dawned…For to us a

child is born, to us a Son is given, and the government will be on His

shoulders. He will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God,

Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace. Of the increase of His government

and peace there will be no end. He will reign on David’s throne and over

His kingdom, establishing it and upholding it with justice and

righteousness from that time on and forever. The zeal of the Lord

Almighty will accomplish this.” Is. 9:3 / 6-7 Matthew quotes Isaiah’s 

prophecy in his gospel in 70-80 A.D. about 820 years later, Isaiah is

probably somewhere between 20 and 30 years old, because he ends his

ministry 60 years later

737  – Micah begins his prophetic ministry to Judah (ASB 1483)

734  – According to the records of Tiglath-Pileser III (Assyrian king) written in

729 (held in the British Museum), King Ahaz of Judah paid him tribute in this

year, Ahaz (or Jehoahaz) sought the help of the Assyrian king when Judah

was under attack by King Rezen (or Rezin) of Aram (or Syria) and by King

Pekah of Israel

732   – Assyrian domination begins in Babylon

729   – Tiglath-Pileser III, king of Assyria has summaries written of those who have

paid tribute to him (the tablet was found in 1873 by Austen Henry Layard

when he discovered the palace of Tiglath-Pileser III in which were unearthed

numerous inscriptions summarizing the king’s accomplishments, the

inscription is now held in the British Museum)

727   – Ahaz’s rule ends in Judah

722  – Exile of Israel to Assyria

715   – Hezekiah becomes king of Judah

705   – Sennacherib becomes king of Assyria

701   – Assyrian relief of the siege of Lachish is made—this is over a hundred years

before the Lachish ostraca in 597 B.C.—it is now in the British Museum

(TBMB 15)

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