1600-1649 A.D - Galileo & Thirty Years' War

Intro

Body

Photo

Music

 

1600 

KINGS & RULERS: Elizabeth I is on the English throne

Albert Fredrick is Duke of Prussia (he is the second Duke of Prussia of the Hohenzollern family)

December 31, the English East India Company is founded by John Watts

It is in the Baroque era (roughly between 1600-1750) that the notion of the orchestra really comes into its own, and composers are starting to layer instruments up in complex polyphony—different musical parts—and harmony; Opera also kicks off in a big way with Handel (1685-1759) and Purcell  (1659-1695) (classicfm.com)

 

1601 

KINGS & RULERS: Elizabeth I is on the English throne

Albert Fredrick is Duke of Prussia (he is the second Duke of Prussia of the Hohenzollern family)

 

1602 

KINGS & RULERS: Elizabeth I is on the English throne

Albert Fredrick is Duke of Prussia (he is the second Duke of Prussia of the Hohenzollern family)  

April 25, William Harvey (1578-1657), the English physician, earns his doctorate at the University of Padua, the most prominent medical school in Europe (he will go on to discover that blood circulates to and from the heart)

March 20, the Dutch East India Company is founded

 

1603  

KINGS & RULERS: Elizabeth I, Queen of England, dies on March 24 and James I ascends the English throne (Elizabeth had no children)/Anne of Demark (James’ wife) becomes Queen Consort 

Albert Fredrick is Duke of Prussia (he is the second Duke of Prussia of the Hohenzollern family)

March 24, Elizabeth I, queen of England, dies at Richmond Palace in Surrey, she is buried in Westminster Abbey

July 29, James VI, king of Scotland and Ireland, is crowned as James I of England and his wife, Anne of Denmark, becomes queen consort of England, Ireland and Scotland, James is unpopular with the English people, they aren’t too happy with having the king of Scotland be their king as well

  

1604 

KINGS & RULERS: James I is king of England and Scotland / Anne of Denmark is queen

Albert Fredrick is Duke of Prussia (he is the second Duke of Prussia of the Hohenzollern family)

Galileo Galilei and William Shakespeare both turn 40 years old

William Harvey (1578-1657), the English physician, marries Elizabeth Browne, daughter of Launcelot Browne, a London physician who is serving as physician to James I, King of England and Scotland

 

1605  

KINGS & RULERS: James I is king of England and Scotland

Albert Fredrick is Duke of Prussia (he is the second and last Duke of Prussia of the Hohenzollern family)

November 5, the Gunpowder Plot (a Catholic conspiracy against the new King James VI and Parliament) is foiled

Robert Fludd (1574-1637), an English physician, earns a medical degree at Oxford, Robert’s writings “represent the culmination of the occult, as distinct from the scientific tendencies of the 17th century. Deriving ideas from such diverse sources as the Old Testament, the Jewish Kabbala, alchemy, astrology, sympathetic magic, and chiromancy, Fludd was primarily interested in establishing parallelisms between man and the world, both of which he viewed as images of God…In his view, medicine’s role is to understand the functioning and malfunctioning of the human body by clues provided, for example, by parallelisms between the mind of man and the light of the Sun.” (https://www.britannica.com/biography/Robert-Fludd)

 

1606 

KINGS & RULERS: James I is king of England and Scotland – Vasili IV becomes tsar of Russia

Albert Fredrick is Duke of Prussia (he is the second Duke of Prussia of the Hohenzollern family)

Rembrandt, the Dutch Baroque painter and printmaker is born in Leiden, Holland

 

1607

KINGS & RULERS: James I is king of England and Scotland – Vasili IV is on the Russian throne

Albert Fredrick is Duke of Prussia (he is the  second and last Duke of Prussia of the Hohenzollern family)

William Harvey (1578-1657) becomes a fellow of the Royal College of Physicians, and remains active there until the end of his life

 

1608

KINGS & RULERS: James I is king of England and Scotland – Vasili IV is on the Russian throne

Albert Fredrick is Duke of Prussia (he is the second and last Duke of Prussia of the Hohenzollern family)

 

1609

KINGS & RULERS: James I is king of England and Scotland – Vasili IV is on the Russian throne 

Albert Fredrick is Duke of Prussia (he is the second and last Duke of Prussia of the Hohenzollern family)

Galileo Galilei and William Shakespeare both turn 45 years old 

The Bible is not in English yet, but it is in German and Italian (since 1471), it will be published in English by King James I in a couple years 

Galileo’s career takes a dramatic turn when in the spring he hears that in the Netherlands an instrument has been invented that shows distant things as though they are nearby, by trial and error, he quickly figures out the secret of the invention and makes his own three-powered spyglass from lenses for sale in spectacle makers’ shops, others have done the same, but what sets Galileo’s spyglass apart is that he quickly figures out how to improve the instrument; He teaches himself the art of lens grinding, and produces increasingly powerful telescopes, in August, he presents an eight-powered instrument to the Venetian Senate (Padua is in the Venetian Republic), and is rewarded with life tenure and a doubling of his salary, he is now one of the highest paid professors at the University of Padua (https://www.britannica.com/biography/Galileo-Galilei

William Harvey (1578-1657), is appointed physician at St. Bartholomew’s Hospital, a post he will keep until 1643

 

1610 

KINGS & RULERS: James I is king of England and Scotland - Fedor Mstislavsky, a Russian Boyar, rules Russia as the head of the Zemsky government during Russia’s “Time of Troubles” as the Tsardom is in crisis

Albert Fredrick is Duke of Prussia (he is the second and last Duke of Prussia of the Hohenzollern family)

 

1611

KINGS & RULERS: James I is king of England and Scotland – Fedor Mstislavsky, a Russian Boyar, rules Russia as the head of the Zemsky government during Russia’s “Time of Troubles” as the Tsardom is in crisis

Albert Fredrick is Duke of Prussia (he is the second Duke of Prussia of the Hohenzollern family)

The King James Bible is printed and released for the first time, it is the first Bible to be translated into English, it is authorized by King James I of England

 

1612

KINGS & RULERS: James I is on the English throne – Fedor Mstislavsky, aRussian Boyar, rules Russia until December 12, when Dmitry Troubetskoy, a Russian military leader becomes head of the Zemsky government during Russia’s “Time of Troubles” as the Tsardom is in crisis

Albert Fredrick is Duke of Prussia (he is the second Duke of Prussia of the Hohenzollern family)

 

1613 

KINGS & RULERS: James I is king of England – Michael I (first Romanov) ascends the Russian throne – Albert Fredrick is Duke of Prussia (he is the second Duke of Prussia of the Hohenzollern family)

 

1614 

James I is on the English throne – Michael I is on the Russian throne

Albert Fredrick is Duke of Prussia (he is the second and last Duke of Prussia of the Hohenzollern family)

Thomas Bodley dies

 

1615 

James I is on the English throne – Michael I is on the Russian throne – Albert

Fredrick is Duke of Prussia (he is the second and last Duke of Prussia of the Hohenzollern family)

 

1616 

James I is on the English throne – Michael I is on the Russian throne

Albert Fredrick is Duke of Prussia (he is the second Duke of Prussia from the Hohenzollern family)

Sir Walter Raleigh, while imprisoned in the Tower of London, makes the curious assertion that part of the Book of Enoch, “Which contained the course of the stars, their names and motions” had been discovered in Saba (Sheba) in the first century and was thus available to Origen and Tertullian, he says this information came from Origen, but no such statement has been found anywhere in extant versions of Origen https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Book_of_Enoch

April 23, Shakespeare dies, aged 52, in Stratford-upon-Avon

 

1617 

James I is on the English throne – Michael I is on the Russian throne

Albert Fredrick is Duke of Prussia (he is the second and last Duke of Prussia of the Hohenzollern family)

 

1618 

James I is on the English throne – Michael I is on the Russian throne – Albert

Fredrick, Duke of Prussia (he is the second Duke of Prussia from the Hohenzollern family), dies on August 27, aged 67 (b. 1553) at Fischhausen, he is succeeded by John Sigismund, also from the House of Hohenzollern, and who married his eldest daughter the Duchess Anna (but he dies next year)

Sir Walter Raleigh is beheaded by King James I, aged about 65 (b. 1552 or 1554)

William Harvey (1578-1657) becomes physician to King James I (and will continue on in this position upon Charles I’s accession in 1625)

The Thirty Years’ War begins (1618-1648) and is waged mainly within the Holy Roman Empire

 

1619 

James I is on the English throne – Michael I is on the Russian throne

John Sigismund, of the House of Hohenzollern, Duke of Prussia, dies on December 23 and is succeeded by his son, George William, of the House of Hohenzollern (reigns until 1640)

The Thirty Years’ War continues (1618-1648) and is waged mainly within the Holy Roman Empire

 

1620  

James I is on the English throne – Michael I is on the Russian throne

George William, of the House of Hohenzollern, is Duke of Prussia

The Thirty Years’ War continues (1618-1648) and is waged mainly within the Holy Roman Empire

November 11, Mayflower arrives at Cape Cod

 

1621 

James I is on the English throne – Michael I is on the Russian throne

June 3, the Dutch West India Company founded

The Thirty Years’ War continues (1618-1648) and is waged mainly within the Holy Roman Empire

Hohenzollern Castle is fully built and habitable, and held by the Hohenzollern Family

 

1622 

James I is on the English throne – Michael I is on the Russian throne

Around this year, Irishman Thomas Staples (great, great, great grandfather to C.S. Lewis / Thomas Staples > John Staples [1736-1820] > Elizabeth Staples > ? > Flora Hamilton-Lewis [C.S. Lewis’ mother]) married Charity Jones, heiress of Sir Baptist Jones, Master of the Worshipful Company of Vintners (in 1628 he was created the first baronet of Lissan and Faughanvale by King Charles I) and they begin living in an estate home called Lissan House

The Thirty Years’ War continues (1618-1648) and is waged mainly within the Holy Roman Empire 

Hohenzollern Castle is fully built and habitable, and held by the Hohenzollern Family

 

1623 

James I is on the English throne – Michael I is on the Russian throne

The Thirty Years’ War continues (1618-1648) and is waged mainly within the Holy Roman Empire 

Hohenzollern Castle is fully built and habitable, and held by the Hohenzollern Family

 

1624 

James I is on the English throne – Michael I is on the Russian throne

The Thirty Years’ War continues (1618-1648) and is waged mainly within the Holy Roman Empire 

Hohenzollern Castle is fully built and habitable, and held by the Hohenzollern Family

 

1625 

Charles I ascends to the English throne – Michael I is on the Russian throne

William Harvey (1578-1657) continues on as physician to Charles I, he will stay a staunch royalist during the Glorious Revolution

The Thirty Years’ War continues (1618-1648) and is waged mainly within the Holy Roman Empire 

Hohenzollern Castle is fully built and habitable, and held by the Hohenzollern Family

 

1626 

Charles I is on the English throne – Michael I is on the Russian throne

St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome is completed (now part of the Vatican buildings)

The Thirty Years’ War continues (1618-1648) and is waged mainly within the Holy Roman Empire 

Hohenzollern Castle is fully built and habitable, and held by the Hohenzollern Family

 

1627

Charles I is on the English throne – Michael I is on the Russian throne

The Thirty Years’ War continues (1618-1648) and is waged mainly within the Holy Roman Empire 

Hohenzollern Castle is fully built and habitable, and held by the Hohenzollern Family

 

1628

Charles I is on the English throne – Michael I is on the Russian throne

William Harvey (1578-1657), English physician to King Charles I, published a book titled, De Motu Cordis, or Discovery of Circulation, in which he tells of his discovery that the blood circulates to and from the heart, until now it had been thought that the heart made blood and irrigated the body

The Thirty Years’ War continues (1618-1648) and is waged mainly within the Holy Roman Empire 

Hohenzollern Castle is fully built and habitable, and held by the Hohenzollern Family

 

1629

Charles I is on the English throne – Michael I is on the Russian throne

The Thirty Years’ War continues (1618-1648) and is waged mainly within the Holy Roman Empire 

Hohenzollern Castle is fully built and habitable, and held by the Hohenzollern Family

 

1630

Charles I is on the English throne – Michael I is on the Russian throne

The Thirty Years’ War continues (1618-1648) and is waged mainly within the Holy Roman Empire 

Hohenzollern Castle is fully built and habitable, and held by the Hohenzollern Family

 

1631

Charles I is on the English throne – Michael I is on the Russian throne

The Thirty Years’ War continues (1618-1648) and is waged mainly within the Holy Roman Empire 

Hohenzollern Castle is fully built and habitable, and held by the Hohenzollern Family

 

1632  

Charles I is on the English throne – Michael I is on the Russian throne

The Taj Mahal is commissioned by the Mugahl emperor Shah Jahan to house the tomb of his wife, it also houses himself

The Thirty Years’ War continues (1618-1648) and is waged mainly within the Holy Roman Empire 

Hohenzollern Castle is fully built and habitable, and held by the Hohenzollern Family

 

1633 

Charles I is on the English throne – Michael I is on the Russian throne

The Thirty Years’ War continues (1618-1648) and is waged mainly within the Holy Roman Empire 

Hohenzollern Castle, in the Swabian Alps of Germany, is fully built and habitable, and held by the Hohenzollern Family

 

1634 

Charles I is on the English throne – Michael I is on the Russian throne

John Dwight leaves Dedham, Essex, England with his wife Hannah, and sons Timothy and John Dwight to come to America where their town is called Dedham, their descendants include many politicians, businessmen, educators and clergy, as well as Josiah Whitney born in 1819 who went on to be a prominent geologist in America, Mount Whitney is named after him

William Harvey (1578-1657), an English physician to the king, is asked to be involved in a case in which four women are being accused of being witches, normally any suspicious behavior or marking on the skin is enough to convict women of being witches, but William treated the case with an open mind, and found scientific explanations for the evidence allegedly showing witchcraft, and all the women were found innocent (https://www.britannica.com/biography/William-Harvey)

The Thirty Years’ War continues (1618-1648) and is waged mainly within the Holy Roman Empire 

Hohenzollern Castle in the Swabian Alps of Germany is captured by Württemberger troops midway through the Thirty Years War (1618-1648) and falls under Habsburg control

 

1635  

Charles I is on the English throne – Michael I is on the Russian throne

The Thirty Years’ War continues (1618-1648) and is waged mainly within the Holy Roman Empire 

Hohenzollern Castle, in the Swabian Alps of Germany, is fully built and habitable, and is under Habsburg control

 

1636  

Charles I is on the English throne – Michael I is on the Russian throne –Ferdinand II is Holy Roman Emperor

William Harvey (1578-1657), an English physician to King Charles I is sent on as a doctor on a diplomatic mission to the Holy Roman Emperor (German Empire), Ferdinand II, the traveling takes almost a year, during which he meets renowned German professor of medicine Casper Hofmann at Nürnberg and attempts to demonstrate the circulation of the blood to him, he also visits Italy to look for paintings for the English royal collection, he becomes friends with Robert Fludd, an important English physician and philosopher whose primary interest concerned natural magic, and Thomas Hobbes, a famous political philosopher, he was also acquainted with John Aubrey, the 17th century biographer, who gave an account of Harvey in his manuscript Brief Lives (https://www.britannica.com/biography/William-Harvey)

The Thirty Years’ War continues (1618-1648) and is waged mainly within the Holy Roman Empire 

Hohenzollern Castle, in the Swabian Alps of Germany, is fully built and habitable, and is under Habsburg control

 

1637

Charles I is on the English throne – Michael I is on the Russian throne

The Thirty Years’ War continues (1618-1648) and is waged mainly within the Holy Roman Empire 

Hohenzollern Castle, in the Swabian Alps of Germany, is fully built and habitable, and is under Habsburg control

 

1638  

Charles I is on the English throne – Michael I is on the Russian throne

The Thirty Years’ War continues (1618-1648) and is waged mainly within the Holy Roman Empire 

Hohenzollern Castle, in the Swabian Alps of Germany, is fully built and habitable, and is under Habsburg control

 

1639  

Charles I is on the English throne – Michael I is on the Russian throne

The Thirty Years’ War continues (1618-1648) and is waged mainly within the Holy Roman Empire 

Hohenzollern Castle, in the Swabian Alps of Germany, is fully built and habitable, and is under Habsburg control

 

1640 

Charles I is on the English throne – Michael I is on the Russian throne

The Thirty Years’ War continues (1618-1648) and is waged mainly within the Holy Roman Empire 

Hohenzollern Castle, in the Swabian Alps of Germany, is fully built and habitable, and is under Habsburg control

 

1641  

Charles I is on the English throne – Michael I is on the Russian throne

The Thirty Years’ War continues (1618-1648) and is waged mainly within the Holy Roman Empire 

Hohenzollern Castle, in the Swabian Alps of Germany, is fully built and habitable, and is under Habsburg control

 

1642 

Charles I is on the English throne – Michael I is on the Russian throne

January 8, Galileo Galilei dies, aged 77, in Arcetri, Italy (b. 1564)

The Thirty Years’ War continues (1618-1648) and is waged mainly within the Holy Roman Empire 

Hohenzollern Castle, in the Swabian Alps of Germany, is fully built and habitable, and is under Habsburg control

 

1643  

Charles I is on the English throne – Michael I is on the Russian throne

January 4, Isaac Newton is born in Lincolnshire, England (other sources say December 25, 1642) (d. 1727)

William Harvey (1578-1657), the English Physician who discovered that blood circulates to and from the heart, is removed from his post as physician at St. Bartholomew’s Hospital (which he has held since 1607) by the parliamentary authorities because he is a staunch supporter of the monarchy

The Thirty Years’ War continues (1618-1648) and is waged mainly within the Holy Roman Empire 

Hohenzollern Castle, in the Swabian Alps of Germany, is fully built and habitable, and is under Habsburg control

 

1644

Charles I is on the English throne – Michael I is on the Russian throne

The Thirty Years’ War continues (1618-1648) and is waged mainly within the Holy Roman Empire 

Hohenzollern Castle, in the Swabian Alps of Germany, is fully built and habitable, and is under Habsburg control

Van der Hagen completes a map of the coast of Flanders (Photo: Wikimedia Commons)

 

1645  

Charles I is on the English throne – Alexis I ascends the Russian throne

The Thirty Years’ War continues (1618-1648) and is waged mainly within the Holy Roman Empire 

Hohenzollern Castle, in the Swabian Alps of Germany, is fully built and habitable, and is under Habsburg control

 

1646  

Charles I is on the English throne – Alexis I is on the Russian throne

The Thirty Years’ War continues (1618-1648) and is waged mainly within the Holy Roman Empire 

Hohenzollern Castle, in the Swabian Alps of Germany, is fully built and habitable, and is under Habsburg control

 

1647  

Charles I is on the English throne – Alexis I is on the Russian throne

The Thirty Years’ War continues (1618-1648) and is waged mainly within the Holy Roman Empire 

Hohenzollern Castle, in the Swabian Alps of Germany, is fully built and habitable, and is under Habsburg control

 

1648  

Charles I is on the English throne – Alexis I is on the Russian throne

The Taj Mahal mausoleum complex is completed

The Protestant Reformation ends  

The Thirty Years’ War ends (1618-1648), it was waged mainly within the Holy Roman Empire 

Hohenzollern Castle, in the Swabian Alps of Germany, is fully built and habitable, and is under Habsburg control

 

1649  

Charles I is king of England until he is executed and the Parliament takes control – Alexis I is on the Russian throne

January 30, King Charles I of England is executed outside the Banqueting House

Hohenzollern Castle, in the Swabian Alps of Germany, is fully built and habitable, and is under Habsburg control

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