800-899 A.D. - Swahili Kilwa Kisiwani & Viking Jorvik

Introduction

A note on the photo

Listen to the era

 

 

800 A.D.

During the 9th and 10th centuries, the Gregorian Chant is developed, Also during the 9th century

– The port town of Kilwa Kisiwani is built on an island off the Swahili Coast of Tanzania, Africa (it reaches its peak during the 13th and 14th centuries, and is occupied up until the 19th century), the town is a trading city whose prosperity is based on control of Indian Ocean trade with Arabia, India and China

 

 

816    – Pope Leo III dies and Pope Stephen IV is installed as Bishop of Rome

817    – Pope Stephen IV dies and Pope Paschal I is installed as Bishop of Rome

824    – Pope Paschal I dies and Eugene II is installed as Bishop of Rome

827    – Pope Eugene II dies on August 27 and Pope Valentine is installed as Bishop of

Rome on August 31, but he dies on October 10, so Pope Gregory IV is installed as Bishop of Rome

840    – Kenneth Macaplin begins ruling the Scots

842    Viking Raids on London begin, according to The Anglo Saxon Chronicle

(compiled in 890): “In this year there was a great slaughter in London

and Quentavic [near Etaples, France] and Rochester”

 

843  – KINGS & RULERS: Charles II (The Bald) becomes king of the West Franks –

– The Duchy of Burgundy is established and is allotted to Charles the Bald, king of the West Franks, it is a small portion of traditional lands of the Burgundians west of the river Saône    

– The ban on images in the Byzantine Empire ends, marking the middle Byzantine period, “This ‘renaissance’ is mainly represented by some particularly fine ivory carvings and a few important items of jewelry, on which the technique of cloisonné enamel, new to Byzantine craftsmen, is used to remarkable effect. Other metalwork includes bronze reliquary-crosses, belt-buckles, and seals.” (Collections of the British Museum 127)

844   – KINGS & RULERS: Charles II (The Bald) becomes king of the West Franks

– Pope Gregory IV dies and Pope Sergius II is installed as Bishop of Rome

847   – KINGS & RULERS: Charles II (The Bald) becomes king of the West Franks 

– Kenneth Macaplin begins ruling the Picts – Pope Sergius II dies and Pope Leo IV is installed as Bishop of Rome

850   – Leede builds the original Leeds Castle in Kent (CPSH 14)

855   – Pope Leo IV dies and Pope Benedict III is installed as Bishop of Rome and ruler of

the Papal States

858   – Kenneth Macaplin, ruler of the Scots and Picts dies, Pope Benedict III dies and Pope

Nicholas I, “Nicholas the  Great,” is installed as Pope/Bishop of Rome on April 24 (858 A.D. to 867 A.D.), during his time as pope, he “specifically stated that for churchmen, self-defense must mean following Christ’s example and turning the other cheek” (TT 29)

 

 

 

 

866 – A large army of Danish Vikings capture York (or Jorvik)

867 – Pope Nicholas I’s term ends, and Adrian II becomes pope

875 – The Danish army returns to York and its leader, Halfdan takes control of the

city and the surrounding area known as “The Kingdom of Jorvik”

871 – Alfred the Great, the West Saxon King begins rule

890 – The Madrid citadel is built during the cordovan emirate of Mohammed I as a key

position for the defense of the territory north of Toledo (VGRPM Intro)

899 – Alfred the Great dies (buried in Winchester), Mayans are nearing the end of

the great civilization,

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