80-180 A.D. - The Colosseum & The First Bible

Introduction

A note on the above photo

Listen to the era here.

 

80 A.D.

Construction is finished on the Colosseum

 

81 A.D.

Titus dies and Domitian becomes Roman Emperor

 

82 A.D.

Emperor Domitian builds the arch of Titus in Rome to honor his older

brother (honorific arch located on the Via Sacra, just south-east of the Roman

Forum)

83     – [FIRE BELT: Last year of the Fire Belt being the top soil]

84     – [ICE RIM EPOCH: 4543-4821 (84-371 A.D.)]

88     – Pope Anacletus dies and Pope Clement I becomes the Bishop of Rome

(Wikipedia says he was concecrated by the disciple Peter)

89     – John the Apostle exiled on Patmos (89-95) and writes both the Gospel of

John and Revelation

95     – John the Apostle dies

96     – Domitian dies and Nerva becomes Roman Emperor

98     – Nerva dies and Trajan becomes Roman Emperor

99     – Pope Clement I dies and Pope Evaristus becomes the bishop of Rome

100   – Justin Martyr, an early Christian apologist, is born in Nablus, Israel

– Claudius Ptolemy (later writes the treatise Geography, see the year 1397) is born around this year, he later pursues his professional life in or around Alexandria, he goes on to write several treatise on not only astronomy and geography, but also astrology, music and optics (FPW 131), He created a cosmology model where the planets and sun orbit the earth  

112   – Roman governor of Bithynia in northwest Asia Minor writes a letter to

Emperor Trajan “expressing his dismay over the rapid spread of the

Christian faith, He speaks of  “‘many in every period of life, on every level of

society, of both sexes…in towns and in villages and scattered throughout the

countryside.’” (CHIPL 30)

114   – Roman Emperor Trajan annexes Armenia and declares war on Parthia (ancient.eu)

115   – Romans build a lighthouse at Dover to guide ships into the harbor, the base of the

fleet patrolling the Channel (until 40A.D.)

117   – Trajan dies and Hadrian becomes Roman Emperor, Tacitus writes the last work, the

Annals, a now incomplete history of Rome from Augustus to Nero (it is Tacitus who

first gives us the story of the British Queen Boudica) (UAS 23)

122   – Work begins on Hadrian’s Wall at the border between what is now England

and Scotland to keep the Picts out of Britain – [ICE RIM EPOCH:]

124   – A garrison fort is built on Hadrian’s wall at Housesteads in Northumberland, it has

been fully excavated and had room to house 1,000 men (CPHS 21)

128   – Hadrian’s Wall is opened, by its completion, it ran for 73 miles from Newcastle to

Carlisle, and after every mile soldiers built a small “Mile Castle” fortification, and

after every 4 mile, they erected a garrison fort that could house up to 1,000 men

(CPHS 21) [ICE RIM EPOCH: Arúnian kingdom emerges into Lands Within history as a wild tribe-like kingdom with its roots in the Brecoan tribe, it is said they started learning from the Romans at this time because of a portal that had opened for them]

129   – Galen, a Greek physician, writer and philosopher who exercised

dominant influence on medical theory and practice in Europe from the

Middle Ages until the mid-17th century is born in Pergamum (Turkey), his

authority in the Byzantine world and the Muslim Middle East was similarly

long-lived (EB)

132   – Bar Kokbah rebellion, possible rebuilding of the Second Temple

135   – Roman Emperor Hadrian retakes Jerusalem and destroys Bar Kokbah revolt

138   – Hadrian dies and Antonius Pius becomes Roman Emperor

150   – Tertullian, the “father of Latin theology” is born in Carthage around this

year, after his conversion to Christianity he began writing books to promote

the Christian faith (CHIPL 33), Sometime in the middle of the 2nd century, the

Christians began burying their dead underground in catacombs, of which Saint Callixtus is the largest at 90 acres and is located in Rome (expanded through the centuries)

155   – Lucius Cassius Dio (or Dio Cassius) is born, he became a Roman statesman and

historian, and published 80 volumes of the history on ancient Rome, the volumes documented the founding of Rome, the formation of the Republic, and the creation of the Empire up until 229 A.D.

160   – Justin Martyr in his writings supports Luke as the author of the Gospel of

Luke – [ICE RIM EPOCH:]

161   – Antonius Pius dies and Marcus Aurelius as well as Lucius Verus become

Roman Emperor, Parthian Wars with Rome begin (end in 166 A.D.) and Lucius

Verus commands Rome’s forces in the field (ancient.eu)

165   – Justin Martyr dies in Rome, Italy

166   – Parthian Wars with Rome end – [ICE RIM EPOCH:]

169   – Lucius Verus dies

177   – Commodus also becomes Roman Emperor

180   – The Muratorian Canon (or Muratorian fragment) is written, it contains a

list of almost all the new testament books and is named for its discoverer

Lodovica Muratori who published the manuscript in 1740 (the list mentions

two of the four gospels Luke and John, in their traditional order—and ascribes Luke as the author of the Gospel of Luke (1663), the Acts of

the Apostles, the thirteen letters attributed to the Paul, Jude, First and Second

John, the Wisdom of Solomon, and the apocalypse of John and Peter—the

apocalypse of Peter is non-canonical and unauthentic writing from the first

half of the 2nd century by an unknown author who claimed to be Peter, which

relied on the Revelation to John to construct a conversation between himself

and Jesus about the end of the world, it focuses eternal rewards and

punishments. The graphic account of the torments borne on sinful men was

apparently borrowed from Orphic and Pythagorean religious texts, thereby

introducing pagan ideas of heaven and hell into Christian literature. The most

complete extant version wasn’t discovered until 1910. The Shepherd of

Hermas was listed in the Muratori Canon as a book of private devotions)

(EB), Marcus Aurelius dies, Ireneaus, bishop of Lugdunum (Lyons) writes

his Adversus Haereses (Against Heresies) which was his refutation of

Gnosticism

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