700-799 A.D. - The Merovingian kings in France

 

Introduction

Note on the photo

Listen to the era

 

700 A.D.

KINGS & RULERS: In England, the Saxon kings are ruling, with the three powers being Wessex, Northumbria and Mercia, the king of Wessex right now is Ine (r. 688-726), he is the first true king of the West Saxons, as distinct from a warleader (BKQ 26)

 

701 A.S.

Ine, the first true West Saxon king in England, is ruling in Wessex, the other majorpowerful kingdoms in England are Northumbria and Mercia

Pope Sergius I dies and Pope John VI is installed as Bishop of Rome

702 

Ine, the first true West Saxon king in England, is ruling in Wessex, the other major powerful kingdoms in England are Northumbria and Mercia

 

703 A.D.

Ine, the first true West Saxon king in England, is ruling in Wessex, the other major powerful kingdoms in England are Northumbria and Mercia

 

704 A.D.  

Ine, the first true West Saxon king in England, is ruling in Wessex, the other major powerful kingdoms in England are Northumbria and Mercia

705   – Ine, the first true West Saxon king in England, is ruling in Wessex, the other major

powerful kingdoms in England are Northumbria and Mercia – Justinian II begins his second reign as the Byzantine Emperor – Pope John VI dies on January 11, and Pope John VII is installed as Bishop of Rome

Carthage is eclipsed by the new town of Tunis

706   – Ine, the first true West Saxon king in England, is ruling in Wessex, the other major

powerful kingdoms in England are Northumbria and Mercia – Justinian II is the Byzantine Emperor

707   – Ine, the first true West Saxon king in England, is ruling in Wessex, the other major

powerful kingdoms in England are Northumbria and Mercia – Justinian II is the Byzantine Emperor – Pope John VII dies on October 18

708   – Ine, the first true West Saxon king in England, is ruling in Wessex, the other major

powerful kingdoms in England are Northumbria and Mercia – Justinian II is the Byzantine Emperor – Pope Sisinnius is installed as Bishop of Rome on January 15, but he dies on February 4, and Pope Constantine is installed as Bishop of Rome 

709   – Ine is the West Saxon king in England and ruling in Wessex, the other major

powerful kingdoms in England are Northumbria and Mercia – Justinian II is the Byzantine Emperor – Pope Constantine is Bishop of Rome

710   – Ine is the West Saxon king in England and ruling in Wessex, the other major

powerful kingdoms in England are Northumbria and Mercia – Justinian II is the Byzantine Emperor – Pope Constantine is Bishop of Rome

711   – KINGS & RULERS: Ine is the West Saxon king in England and ruling in

Wessex, the other major powerful kingdoms in England are Northumbria and Mercia – Justinian II is the Byzantine Emperor until November 4 when he dies, aged 42, and Philippikos becomes the Emperor – Pope Constantine is Bishop of Rome

– The Muslim’s conquest of Spain came with blinding swiftness in 711, just twelve years after they vanquished North Africa. Full details of the conquest have been lost to time because the Visigothic civilization was destroyed and the Muslim culture superimposed, and as ordinarily occurs, history is told by the victors. A rare surviving Christian document, called the Chronicle of 754, blamed the almost-instantaneous disintegration of the Visigothic state on internal tensions that had left the kingdom unable to mobilize in the face of an outside threat. A new king, Roderic, had climbed to power in 711, but was unpopular and inexperienced at ruling. A rival leader, angry at Roderic, aided and encouraged the Muslim invasion.” (Isabella, Warrior Queen 13); Spain will not begin to regain their land back until 1030, so for 319 years, Spain is completely ruled by Muslim Caliphs, the Spaniards fully gain control back in 1300 (A History of the World, Map by Map 104-105) 

712   – Ine is the West Saxon king in England and ruling in Wessex, the other major

powerful kingdoms in England are Northumbria and Mercia – Pope Constantine is Bishop of Rome

713   – Ine is the West Saxon king in England and ruling in Wessex, the other major

powerful kingdoms in England are Northumbria and Mercia – Pope Constantine is Bishop of Rome

714   – Ine is the West Saxon king in England and ruling in Wessex, the other major

powerful kingdoms in England are Northumbria and Mercia – Pope Constantine is Bishop of Rome

715   – Ine is the West Saxon king in England and ruling in Wessex, the other major

powerful kingdoms in England are Northumbria and Mercia – Pope Constantine dies and Pope Gregory II is installed as Bishop of Rome

716   – Ine is the West Saxon king in England and ruling in Wessex, the other major

powerful kingdoms in England are Northumbria and Mercia – Pope Gregory II is Bishop of Rome

717   – Ine is the West Saxon king in England and ruling in Wessex, the other major

powerful kingdoms in England are Northumbria and Mercia – Pope Gregory II is Bishop of Rome

718   – Ine is the West Saxon king in England and ruling in Wessex, the other major

powerful kingdoms in England are Northumbria and Mercia – Pope Gregory II is Bishop of Rome

719   – Ine is the West Saxon king in England and ruling in Wessex, the other major

powerful kingdoms in England are Northumbria and Mercia – Pope Gregory II is Bishop of Rome

720   – KINGS & RULERS: Ine is the West Saxon king in England and ruling in

Wessex, the other major powerful kingdoms in England are Northumbria and Mercia – Pope Gregory II is Bishop of Rome

– Muslims carry out raids on Sicily and Sardinia (part of the Byzantine Empire) but are repelled (A History of the World, Map by Map 94)

721   – Ine is the West Saxon king in England and ruling in Wessex, the other major

powerful kingdoms in England are Northumbria and Mercia – Pope Gregory II is Bishop of Rome

722   – Ine is the West Saxon king in England and ruling in Wessex, the other major

powerful kingdoms in England are Northumbria and Mercia – Pope Gregory II is Bishop of Rome

723   – Ine is the West Saxon king in England and ruling in Wessex, the other major

powerful kingdoms in England are Northumbria and Mercia – Pope Gregory II is Bishop of Rome

724   – Ine is the West Saxon king in England and ruling in Wessex, the other major

powerful kingdoms in England are Northumbria and Mercia – Pope Gregory II is Bishop of Rome

725   – Ine is the West Saxon king in England and ruling in Wessex, the other major

powerful kingdoms in England are Northumbria and Mercia – Pope Gregory II is Bishop of Rome

[STEPPE EPOCH:]

726   – Ine, the first true West Saxon king in England, ends his rule in Wessex, the other

major powerful kingdoms in England are Northumbria and Mercia (BKQ 6) – Spain is under Muslim Rule – The Merovingian kings (Frankish kings) are ruling in France – Pope Gregory II is Bishop of Rome

– Between 726 and 843, with one interruption, images were officially banned in the Byzantine Empire (BM 127)

[STEPPE EPOCH:]

727   – The Merovingian kings (Frankish kings) are ruling in France – Spain is under Muslim

rule – Pope Gregory II is Bishop of Rome   

[STEPPE EPOCH:]

728   – The Merovingian kings (Frankish kings) are ruling in France – Pope Gregory II is

Bishop of Rome

[STEPPE EPOCH:]

729   – The Merovingian kings (Frankish kings) are ruling in France – Pope Gregory II is

Bishop of Rome  

 

730    – The Merovingian kings (Frankish kings) are ruling in France – Pope Gregory II is

Bishop of Rome

[STEPPE EPOCH:]

731    – The Merovingian kings (Frankish kings) are ruling in France – Pope Gregory II dies

and Pope Gregory III is installed as Bishop of Rome

– The Venerable Bede completes his Historica Ecclesiastica Gentis Anglorum

(Ecclesiastical History of the English People),

[STEPPE EPOCH:]

732  – The Merovingian kings (Frankish kings) are ruling in France – Pope Gregory III is

Bishop of Rome

– The Frankish army under Charles Martel halts the Arab advance at Loire (A History of the World, Map by Map, 94)

[STEPPE EPOCH:]

733   – The Merovingian kings (Frankish kings) are ruling in France – Pope Gregory III is

Bishop of Rome

[STEPPE EPOCH:]

734   – The Merovingian kings (Frankish kings) are ruling in France – Pope Gregory III is

Bishop of Rome

735   – The Merovingian kings (Frankish kings) are ruling in France – Pope Gregory III is

Bishop of Rome

736   – The Merovingian kings (Frankish kings) are ruling in France – Pope Gregory III is

Bishop of Rome

737   – The Merovingian kings (Frankish kings) are ruling in France – Pope Gregory III is

Bishop of Rome

738   – The Merovingian kings (Frankish kings) are ruling in France – Pope Gregory III is

Bishop of Rome

739   – The Merovingian kings (Frankish kings) are ruling in France – Pope Gregory III is

Bishop of Rome

740   – The Merovingian kings (Frankish kings) are ruling in France – Pope Gregory III is

Bishop of Rome

[STEPPE EPOCH:]

741   – The Merovingian kings (Frankish kings) are ruling in France – Pope Gregory III dies

and Pope Zachary is installed as Bishop of Rome

– The church on the site of York Minster is destroyed by fire

742  – The Merovingian kings (Frankish kings) are ruling in France – Pope Zachary is

Bishop of Rome

743  – The Merovingian kings (Frankish kings) are ruling in France – Pope Zachary is

Bishop of Rome

744  – The Merovingian kings (Frankish kings) are ruling in France – Pope Zachary is

Bishop of Rome

745  – The Merovingian kings (Frankish kings) are ruling in France – Pope Zachary is

Bishop of Rome

[STEPPE EPOCH:]

746  – The Merovingian kings (Frankish kings) are ruling in France – Pope Zachary is

Bishop of Rome

747  – The Merovingian kings (Frankish kings) are ruling in France – Pope Zachary is

Bishop of Rome

748  – The Merovingian kings (Frankish kings) are ruling in France – Pope Zachary is

Bishop of Rome

Emperor Charlemagne is born

[STEPPE EPOCH:]

749   – The Merovingian kings (Frankish kings) are ruling in France – Pope Zachary is

Bishop of Rome

– The site where Highclere Castle (where Downton Abbey will be filmed) sits in

Hampshire, England, is mentioned in records when an Anglo-Saxon king grants the estate to the Bishops of Winchester

[STEPPE EPOCH:]

750   – The Merovingian kings (Frankish kings) are ruling in France – Pope Zachary is

Bishop of Rome

[STEPPE EPOCH:]

751   – The Merovingian kings’ (Frankish kings of France) rule ends – Pope Zachary is

Bishop of Rome

– Construction on the Bulguska temple in Korea begins (finished in 774 by the Silla court) (Wikipedia)

752   – Pope Zachary dies and Pope Stephen II is installed as Bishop of Rome

 

756   – The Muslim Sassanian Persian Empire now stretches from present day Afghanistan

in the east to North Africa (Egypt, Morocco) in the south and Spain in the west;

Turkey, Greece and parts of Italy make up the Byzantine Empire; France is made up of the Frankish Empire and the Lombard Kingdom (A History of the World, Map by Map 94-95)

757   – The first mention of a monastery at Bath (land was granted to the brothers of

the monastery of St. Peter in Batch), Pope Stephen II dies (aged 43) and Pope Paul I  is installed as Bishop of Rome

 

767   – Pope Paul I dies on June 28

768   – Pope Stephen III is installed as Bishop of Rome – Emperor (not emperor yet

though) Charlemagne becomes king of the Franks upon his father’s death

769   – Pope Stephen III is Bishop of Rome, he summons the Lateran Council

770   – Pope Stephen III is Bishop of Rome

770   – Pope Stephen III is Bishop of Rome

772   – Pope Stephen III, Bishop of Rome dies and Pope Adrian I is installed as Bishop of

Rome (r. 772-795)

773   – Pope Adrian I is Bishop of Rome

774   – Pope Adrian I is Bishop of Rome – Emperor Charlemagne (though not emperor yet)

becomes king of the Lombards – The Bulguska Temple in Korea is completed (started in 751) by the Silla court

       

775   – Pope Adrian I is Bishop of Rome – Emperor Charlemagne (though not emperor yet)

is king of the Lombards and Franks

776   – Pope Adrian I is Bishop of Rome – Emperor Charlemagne (though not emperor yet)

is king of the Lombards and Franks

777   – Pope Adrian I is Bishop of Rome – Emperor Charlemagne (though not emperor yet)

is king of the Lombards and Franks

[STEPPE EPOCH:]

778   – Pope Adrian I is Bishop of Rome – Emperor Charlemagne (though not emperor yet)

is king of the Lombards and Franks

779   – Pope Adrian I is Bishop of Rome – Emperor Charlemagne (though not emperor yet)

is king of the Lombards and Franks

780   – Pope Adrian I is Bishop of Rome – Emperor Charlemagne (though not emperor yet)

is king of the Lombards and Franks

781   – Pope Adrian I is Bishop of Rome – Emperor Charlemagne (though not emperor yet)

is king of the Lombards and Franks – King Offa of Mercia claims ownership of the

Abbey at Bath, England – Charlemagne has his son, Louis crowned King of

Aquitaine by the pope (it used to be Provincia Gallia Aquitania under the Roman Empire before it collapsed)

[STEPPE EPOCH:]

782   – Pope Adrian I is Bishop of Rome – Emperor Charlemagne (though not emperor yet)

is king of the Lombards and Franks

783   – Pope Adrian I is Bishop of Rome – Emperor Charlemagne (though not emperor yet)

is king of the Lombards and Franks

784   – Pope Adrian I is Bishop of Rome – Emperor Charlemagne (though not emperor yet)

is king of the Lombards and Franks

785   – Pope Adrian I is Bishop of Rome – Emperor Charlemagne (though not emperor yet)

is king of the Lombards and Franks

786   – Pope Adrian I is Bishop of Rome – Emperor Charlemagne (though not emperor yet)

is king of the Lombards and Franks

787   – Pope Adrian I is Bishop of Rome – Emperor Charlemagne (though not emperor yet)

is king of the Lombards and Franks – The Second Council of Nicea takes place

788   – Pope Adrian I is Bishop of Rome – Emperor Charlemagne (though not emperor yet)

is king of the Lombards and Franks

[STEPPE EPOCH:]

789   – Pope Adrian I is Bishop of Rome – Emperor Charlemagne (though not emperor yet)

is king of the Lombards and Franks

790   – Pope Adrian I is Bishop of Rome – Emperor Charlemagne (though not emperor yet)

is king of the Lombards and Franks

791   – Pope Adrian I is Bishop of Rome – Emperor Charlemagne (though not emperor yet)

is king of the Lombards and Franks

792   – Pope Adrian I is Bishop of Rome – Emperor Charlemagne (though not emperor yet)

is king of the Lombards and Franks

793   – Pope Adrian I is Bishop of Rome – Emperor Charlemagne (though not emperor yet)

is king of the Lombards and Franks

– William of Orange, Count of Toulouse (in France) emerges as the leader of the council of nobles appointed by Charlemagne to govern in his son Louis’, King of Aquitaine since 781, name, although in this year, William is soundly defeated by the Moors of Spain during their last attempt to extend their Moslem empire north of the Pyrenees, he is a brave and devout man, of whom epic chansons de geste (songs of deeds) are written, and after the battle he retires to the abbey of Gellons near Montpellier, where he later dies

 

794   – Pope Adrian I is Bishop of Rome – Emperor Charlemagne (though not emperor yet)

is king of the Lombards and Franks

795   – Pope Adrian I dies and Pope Leo III is installed as Bishop of Rome – Emperor

Charlemagne (though not emperor yet) is king of the Lombards and Franks

798   – The Obotrites (medieval confederation of West Slavic tribes) under Prince Thrasco

defeat the Saxons in the Battle of Bornhöved

799   – Pope Leo III is Bishop of Rome – Emperor Charlemagne (though not emperor yet)

is king of the Lombards and Franks

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