600-699 A.D. - Early British Kings and the Birth of Islam

Introduction

A note on the photo

Listen to the era

 

600 A.D.

Eadbald, King of Kent, founds a minster church for 22 monks in the ‘castrum’ ofDover – either the Roman fort in the town or the hillfort on the headland, A Mayan farming village, Joya de Cerén in El Salvador, is buried rapidly under ash from the eruption of Loma Caldera around this year

 

604 A.D.

Pope Gregory I dies, and Pope Sabinian is installed as Bishop of Rome

 

610 A.D.

Around this year, the prophet Mohammed claims to have received angelic revelations that Allah is the supreme god

 

614 A.D.

Persians invade Palestine and destroy many churches, but they spare the Church of the Nativity because they see a mosaic depicting three wise men in Persian dress

 

616 A.D.

In London, King Sabert of the East Saxons dies and his three sons fall back into paganism and drive out bishop Milletus who refused them communion unless they repented (recorded by the Venerable Bede, a monk at Jarrow, who is the author of Historica Ecclesiastica Gentis Anglorum [Ecclesiastical History of the English People] which was completed in 731)

 

619 A.D.

Pope Adeodatus I dies and Pope Boniface V is installed as the Bishop of Rome

 

622 A.D.

The Islamic prophet Mohammed is believed to have made a night journey to Jerusalem and ascended to the seventh heaven from the site of the holy rock on the Temple Mount

 

625   – Sutton Hoo (Suffolk, England) ship burial of an East Anglian King, its known

for its “wealth of gold and garnet jewelry, its Byzantine silver and its

weapons and armor. After the conversion of the English to Christianity the

practice of burying personal possessions with the dead eventually ceased.”

Now held at the British Museum (CBM 122), Pope Boniface V dies and Pope

Honorius I is installed as Bishop of Rome

627   – First recorded church on the site of York Minster that was hurriedly built to

baptize Edwin, King of Northumbria

630   – The prophet Mohammed returns to Mecca (after fleeing it because of

persecution from pagans) and conquers it, then makes it into a spiritual

center of his new religion of Islam 

635   – Cynegils, king of the West Saxons, is baptized

637   – First stone structure is completed on the site of York Minster by Oswald and

is dedicated to St. Peter  

642   – ‘Amr ibn al-As captures Alexandria, the last Byzantine stronghold in Egypt (A History

of the World, Map by Map 95)

645   – Somewhere around this time, the son of Cynegils builds the first Christian

church in Winchester, the heart of Anglo-Saxon Wessex (Winchester

Cathedral website)

657   – Pope Eugene I dies and Pope Vitalian is installed as the Bishop of Rome

675   – The earliest record of a Saxon convent in Bath, England (Osric, a local king,

gives lands near Bath to the Abbess Bertana)

672   – Pope Vitalian dies, aged 55, and Pope Adeodatus II is installed as Bishop of Rome

676   – Pope Adeodatus II dies and Pope Donus is installed as Bishop of Rome

678   – Pope Donus dies, Pope Agatho is installed as Bishop of Rome

680   – The Temple Mount is refashioned by the “Umayyads—the all-powerful Sunni

caliphate whose armies had conquered the city [Jerusalem] a few decades after

Muhammad’s death in the late seventh century A.D,” they then added the Dome of

the Rock and the al-Aqsa Mosque (TT 33)

681   – Pope Agatho dies

682   – Pope Leo II is installed as Bishop of Rome

683   – Pope Leo II dies, aged 72

684   – Pope Benedict II is installed as Bishop of Rome

685   – Pope Benedict II dies, aged 50, and Pope John V is installed as Bishop of Rome

686   – Pope John V dies in his bed, aged 51, and Pope Conan is installed as Bishop of

Rome [STEPPE EPOCH: It’s been 83 years since the Harrowing of the Light]

687   – Pope Conan dies and Pope Sergius I is installed as Bishop of Rome

688   – Under ‘Abd al-Malik, the Arab conquest of North Africa was resumed, they

are opposed by both the native Berbers and the Byzantines, but in the coming

years the governor appointed by ‘Abd al-Malik succeeded in winning the Berbers

over to their side and they later captured Carthage (in Tunisia) almost ten years later

in 697 (EB) – Ine, the first true West Saxon king in England, begins his rule of

Wessex

689   – Ine, the first true West Saxon king in England, is ruling in Wessex, the other major

powerful kingdoms in England are Northumbria and Mercia

690   – Ine, the first true West Saxon king in England, is ruling in Wessex, the other major

powerful kingdoms in England are Northumbria and Mercia

691   – Ine, the first true West Saxon king in England, is ruling in Wessex, the other major

powerful kingdoms in England are Northumbria and Mercia

692   – Ine, the first true West Saxon king in England, is ruling in Wessex, the other major

powerful kingdoms in England are Northumbria and Mercia

693   – Ine, the first true West Saxon king in England, is ruling in Wessex, the other major

powerful kingdoms in England are Northumbria and Mercia

694   – Ine, the first true West Saxon king in England, is ruling in Wessex, the other major

powerful kingdoms in England are Northumbria and Mercia

695   – Ine, the first true West Saxon king in England, is ruling in Wessex, the other major

powerful kingdoms in England are Northumbria and Mercia

696   – Ine, the first true West Saxon king in England, is ruling in Wessex, the other major

powerful kingdoms in England are Northumbria and Mercia

697   – Ine, the first true West Saxon king in England, is ruling in Wessex, the other major

powerful kingdoms in England are Northumbria and Mercia

The Arabs under ‘Abd al-Malik capture Carthage, seat of the Byzantine province, other coastal cities then fell, and the work of pacification and Islamisation continued apace (Encyclopedia Britannica)

698   – KINGS & RULERS: Ine, the first true West Saxon king in England, is ruling

in Wessex, the other major powerful kingdoms in England are Northumbria and Mercia

– Muslim armies capture Carthage (in modern day Tunisia) from the Byzantine Empire (A History of the World, Map by Map 94)

699   – Ine, the first true West Saxon king in England, is ruling in Wessex, the other major

powerful kingdoms in England are Northumbria and Mercia

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