585-501 B.C. Persia Incoming

Introduction

Listen to the sounds of the era here...

 

585

Jeremiah’s ministry ends in Judah and he finishes his book

562   – King Nebuchadnezzar II dies

559   – Cyrus the Great begins his rule in Persia

550   – Darius I begins his reign, and the word “Hindu” is found in an inscription

during this time as a geographical term for the people who lived beyond the

river Indus, and did not refer to a religion—it wasn’t until 1830 during the British

Colonialism of India that the term “Hinduism” was coined by Indians who wanted

to distinguish themselves from the British (Wikipedia) A bronze statue of a

calvaryman is made in southern Italy, it was cast as two solid pieces – horse and rider

– with smaller pieces (reins, spear and shield all now lost) (housed in the British Museum CBM 30)

551   – Confucius is born in China around this year

539   – Cyrus the Great enters Babylon and conquers it without a fight and

founds the Achaemenid Empire in Mesopotamia  

538   – Daniel 9, Darius the Mede’s first year of ruling Babylon (most

likely a subordinate of Cyrus the Great), Cyrus the Great issues a decree from his palace at Ecbatana, during his first regnal year, the decree that the Jewish temple be rebuilt (recorded in Ezra 1:2, and on the Cyrus Cylinder in the British Museum), first Jewish return to Jerusalem

530   – Cyrus the Great of Persia ends his rule, Cambyses II begins his rule (TBMB

54)

529   – Cyrus the Great dies and is buried in a tomb in Pasargadae, the capital of the

Achaemenid Empire under Cyrus, who ordered its construction, and is today an archaeological site and one of Iran’s UNESCO World Heritage Sites, northeast of the modern city of Shiraz (Alexander the Great goes to his tomb in 324 B.C., a year before he also dies, and finds the tomb desecrated, which angered him because he wanted to be seen as the rightful heir to Cyrus’ throne – AG 146)

522   – Cambyses II, ruler of the Persian Achaemenid Empire, ends his rule, and

Darius I begins his rule (TBMB 54)

520   – Book of Zechariah written, Zechariah and Haggai’s ministries (520-480)

516   – Completion of Second Temple

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