429-330 B.C. The Death of Socrates & the Intertestmental Period


A note on the photo

Listen to the era here.



Bible skips Greek period of Israel’s history,

picks back up during the Roman occupation – 4/5 B.C.,

Interesting that it begins after prophesying the date of the return of

the Messiah and then picks back up when that date is fulfilled


425   – Herodotus, the Greek historian dies

424   – Artaxerxes I dies and Darius II begins his rule of the Persian Achaemenid


404  – Darius II dies ends his rule

400 – “A number of books from about 400 B.C.) attributed to Hippocrates, the ‘Father of

Medicine’) described the symptoms of some common diseases and attributed sickness to diet and other physical causes, rather than to the work of the gods. Although the writings were a beginning, the ancients were still lost when it came to the composition of living things. They believed that all matter was made up of four elements: earth, air, fire, and water. Living bodies were thought to be made up of four ‘humors’ –blood, yellow bile, black bile, and phlegm-and all disease supposedly arose from an excess of one of the humors’” (DBB 7)

399  – Socrates dies

375  – Hippocrates, the “Father of Medicine” dies in Thessaly, Greece

385  – Aristotle is born in Stagira, Greece

367  – Ptolemy I Soter is born in Macedonia   

365  – Euclid of Alexandria is born

356  – Alexander the Great is born Philip II of Macedon seizes gold mines near the colony

Krenides, fortifies the wall, drains the nearby marshes, constructs a theater, increases the city’s size and renames it after himself—Philippi (Paul writes a letter to this city 416 years later in 60 A.D.)  

350   – A gold choker-necklace is made in Taras (modern day Taranto in Italy) with

individual elements produced by hammering thin sheets to shape and add details in wire in the delicate technique of filigree, it had flowers, the heads of what may be different Caesars, or Roman Women? It’s hard to tell (now held in the British Museum, CBM 31)

340  – Aristotle proposes that the earth is not flat, but is actually a sphere, in his

book On the Heavens, he is not only a great philosopher, he the Greeks’ greatest

biologist, “Aristotle realized (unlike almost everyone before him) that knowledge of nature requires systematic observation. Through careful examination he recognized an astounding amount of order within the living world, a crucial first step. Aristotle grouped animals into two general categories—those with blood and those without—that correspond closely to the modern classifications of vertebrate and invertebrate.” (DBB 7)

336   – Darius III begins his rule of the Persian Achaemenid Empire

332   – Alexander the Great occupies Egypt which brings an end to the Egyptian

dynasties, a long line of Greek rulers known as the Ptolemies followed, it

was Ptolemy II who asked Manetho (Egyptian priest) to put together a

history of Egypt for the library of Alexandria, we do not have any of his

original writings, the only source for what he wrote are the statements made

by subsequent historians (UTP 73)

331   – Alexander the Great is the Greek Emperor over ____

330   – Darius III is defeated by Alexander the Great and the Persian Achaemenid Empire

ends in Mesopotamia, Hellenistic period begins, Alexander the Great founds

the port city of Alexandria in Egypt, Today, Alexandria has a population of 5.2

million people

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