251-399 A.D. - Constantine & Constantiople

Introduction

A note on the above photo

Listen to the era here

 

254   – Origen (early church scholar) dies in Tyre, Lebanon

265   – Eusebius (early Christian historian) is born  

286   – One governor of England, Carausius, proclaims himself emperor, he takes his forces

to the continent and, in his absence, the various towns and cities of the country takes measures to defend themselves against possible reprisals from Rome (Foundation 35)

303   – The Great Persecution of Christians is launched by Emperors Diocletian and

Galerius (RE 430)

306   – Constantine the Great is proclaimed Roman Emperor in York, England (he is co-

ruler with Galerius)

311   – Since Christians kept withstanding Galerius’s persecution—many of them going to

their deaths—Galerius rescinds his edicts and asks Christians to pray, too, for the

empire (RE 431)

312   – Constantine the Great converts to Christianity [ICE RIM EPOCH:]

313   – Constantine the Great issues the Edict of Milan, which states that neither

Christians, nor people of any other religion can be persecuted for their beliefs

314   – Eusebius becomes bishop of Caesarea Martima, three bishops from

Britain attend a church council at Arles (one of them was from York) in

southern France (first confirmation that Christianity had spread to Britain), Roman

Emperor Constantine also attends (CHIPL 31)

324   – Constantine the Great founds Constantinople (originally a Greek town

named Byzantium) – [ICE RIM EPOCH:]

325   – Emperor Constantine the Great calls the First Council of Nicaea

326   – Emperor Constantine builds church of Holy Sepulcher, then he and his mother

Helena build the Church of the Nativity over the traditional site of Jesus’ birth (a

cave near Bethlehem), many of these building projects were possible because he was

despoiling the pagan temples of their treasuries and precious metals

330   – Constantinople (modern day Istanbul) becomes the capital of the Roman

Empire [ICE RIM EPOCH:]

335   – Pope Sylvester I dies

336   – Pope Mark is installed as Bishop of Rome on January 18, but dies on October 7

337   – Roman Emperor Constantine the Great dies at Ancyrona, near Nicomedia,

Bithynia (now Izmit, Turkey), he is buried in the Church of the Apostles in

Constantinople, Pope Julius I is installed as Bishop of Rome

339   – Eusebius (early Christian historian) dies

352   – Pope Julius I dies and Pope Liberius is installed as Bishop of Rome

354   – Augustine is born in Tagaste, a little town in the hill country of Numida (a

region we now know as Algeria)

359   – The Roman Emperor Julian organizes a fleet of 600 ships to transport corn from

England to the war zones of the Rhine, the country had become the bread basket of Europe (Foundation 35) 

360   – The Hagia Sophia is built in Constantinople as a Christian Cathedral and

remains as a Christian Cathedral until 1204, when it became a Roman Catholic Cathedral

367   – A list of all the books of the Bible (as we know them today) comes in an

Easter letter from Athanasius (though not in the order which is now usual)

A force overcomes Hadrian’s Wall and then in dispersed bands moves southward to

ravage the country, the commander of the forts for the Saxon Shore is

murdered and the provincial leader known as the Dux Britanniarum is captured, this

is a notable defeat for the British (Foundation 38)

382   – Jerome is commissioned by Pope Damasus I to translate the old Roman

Latin version of the Bible, the Vetus Latina, into Latin, this translation is

called the  Vulgate (it was confirmed as the Catholic Church’s official Latin

translation at the Council of Trent 1545-1563), Jerome spends 30 years

translating inside the cave where (traditionally) Jesus was born (the Church

of the Nativity is already built over it)

391   – Roman Emperor Theodisius I “in his zeal to wipe out all vestiges of paganism, issued

a decree in 391 sanctioning the demolition of temples in Alexandria. Empowered by the imperial decree, Theophilus, bishop of Alexandria, led an attack on the Serapeum, and he himself gave the first blow to the cult statue of Serapis. His frenzied followers ran amok in the temple, destroying and plundering. When the destruction was complete, Theophilus ordered a church to be built on the site.” (EB)

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