200-101 B.C. - The Han Dynasty & The Romans

Introduction

A note on the above photo

Listen to the era here.

 

200 B.C.

KINGS & RULERS: The Han Dynasty rules in China

188  – Han Dynasty rules in China – Seleucids driven from Asia Minor by Romans (ASB

1813)

175  – Antiochus IV (Epiphanes) begins his rule over Syro-Palestine

168   – Han Dynasty rules in China – Antiochus IV (Epiphanes), Seleucid king of

Syria, pillages temple; soldiers of Antiochus defile Jerusalem temple (ASB 1813)

167   – Han Dynasty rules in China – Maccabean revolt against the Syrians (ASB

1813), celebration of Hanukah comes from this revolt

163  – Antiochus IV’s (Epiphanes) rule ends

146  – Han Dynasty rules in China – Punic Wars, or Carthaginian Wars end between Rome

and the Phoenician city of Carthage (in modern-day Tunisia), the city falls to Rome and is plundered and burned, fulfilling the demand of the senator and orator Cato the Elder that had been distilled in the phrase, “Carthage must be destroyed.” (EB)

142  – Han Dynasty rules in China Syria’s loss of political power over Judea

141  – Han Dynasty rules in China – Hasmonean Period begins in Israel – Persis

(coming from the word “Persian,” Persis is a city in modern-day Iran) passes from Seleucid to Parthian domination, basically the Persians took back their kingdom from the Greeks

133  – Hand Dynasty rules in China – Extensions are made to the Great Wall of China

because, despite the Han Empire’s military success, tribes such as the Xiongnu, Xianbei, and Wuhuan remained a constant threat, which prompted the government to extend the Great Wall right across China’s northern border, the extension not only provided a defense against northern tribes but also allowed the Han to open a safe passage westward and establish profitable trade bonds with the outside world, giving rise to the famous Silk Road (HWMM 83)

132  – Han Dynasty rules in China

131  – Han Dynasty rules in China

130  – Han Dynasty rules in China

129  – Han Dynasty rules in China – Parthians conquer Mesopotamia, so now the Silk

Road to China is controlled by the Parthians (Persians) (ancient.eu)  

126  – Han Dynasty rules in China – Hellenistic/Seleucid rule in Mesopotamia ends and

Parthian period begins

125  – Han Dynasty rules in China

122  – Han Dynasty rules in China – The Roman senate entrusts Gaius Gracchus and

Marcus Flavius Flaccus with the founding a colony on the site of Carthage, the venture was largely unsuccessful, though later Julius Ceasar send a number of landless citizens there

109  – Han Dynasty rules in China – In Korea (at this time, the Joseon Kingdom) a king

named Ugeo tries to block or monopolize trade between Wudi, the Han emperor of China, and the tribal peoples of the area, he becomes such an annoyance to the Chinese emperor, that Wudi invades the Joseon Kingdom and next year in 108, Wudi is murdered by his own ministers and submits to China’s rule

108  – Korea (at this time, the Joseon Kingdom) submits to China’s rule, and China sets up a

remote frontier outpost of its empire in the vicinity of present-day Pyongyang, it has two purposes: one is to create trade between the locals and Japan, and the other is to keep an eye on the Koreans, the Chinese called them “eastern barbarians,” during this period of Chinese rule, Korean acquired artisan skills and ideas about how to organize society (BHK 18)

106  – Cicero (Roman statesman, lawyer, scholar and academic skeptic) is born on

January 3, in Arpino, Italy

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