1-35 A.D. - Rome & Jerusalem

Introduction

A note on the above photo.

Listen to the era here.

 

1 B.C.

The Han Dynasty rules in China – Augustus is Ceasar of Rome –

– Jesus turns four years old

– In China, “By AD 1 the Han dynasty had been in power for over two hundred years” and “Han Gaozu (the ‘Great Progenitor’) had reunited the empire, and under Han Wudi its borders had been so extended as to negate any immediate threat of incursion.” (HC 6)

– In Korea, the Goguryeo, a federation of warrior tribes, are living just north of the Yalu River, skilled horsemen and archers, they were culturally related to the nomads of the great Eurasian steppe, from whom they may be descended, they first appear in Chinese records around in 75 BC as a group engaged in peaceful trade, however, from the first century AD, they began to gradually move south, raiding northern Korea and stirring up trouble for the Chinese in the process, “Not surprisingly, Chinese records speak negatively of the Goguryeo, describing them as volatile, emotional, difficult, and dangerous folk” (BHK 19)

2      – The Han Dynasty rules in China – Augustus is Ceasar of Rome –

– Jesus turns five years old

3      – The Han Dynasty rules in China – Augustus is Ceasar of Rome –

– Jesus turns six years old

4      – The Han Dynasty rules in China – Augustus is Ceasar of Rome –

– Jesus turns seven years old

5      – The Han Dynasty rules in China – Augustus is Ceasar of Rome –

– Jesus turns eight years old,   

6      – The Han Dynasty rules in China – Augustus is Ceasar of Rome

– Jesus turns nine years old

– Archelaus is deposed as ruler of Judea because he was just awful, Annas become high priest (but is deposed by Rome in 15, however, the Jews still revered him as high priest, he was followed by his son Eleazar, then his son-in-law, Caiaphas, and then four more sons, I think this family called all the shots during this time) (ASB 1671, Luke 3:2)

7      – The Han Dynasty rules in China – Augustus is Ceasar of Rome

– Jesus turns ten years old

8      – The Han Dynasty rules in China – Augustus is Ceasar of Rome

– Jesus turns eleven years old

9      – The Han Dynasty rules in China – Augustus is Ceasar of Rome

– Jesus turns twelve years old, He visits the temple when His family is in Jerusalem for a feast (most likely Passover), “After three days, they (Mary & Joseph) found Him in the temple courts sitting among the teachers, listening to them and asking them questions. Everyone who heard him was amazed at His understanding and His answers” (Luke 2:41-51)

– Caesar Augustus loses three Roman legions in a battle with the German

tribes at Teutoburg forest

10      – The Han Dynasty rules in China – Augustus is Ceasar of Rome

– Jesus turns thirteen years old, He’s learning carpentry from His father, I would think by now

11      – The Han Dynasty rules in China – Augustus is Ceasar of Rome

– Jesus turns fourteen years old, He’s probably still learning carpentry from His father

12      – The Han Dynasty rules in China – Augustus is Ceasar of Rome

– Jesus turns fifteen years old, He’s probably becoming quite good at carpentry by now

13      – The Han Dynasty rules in China – Augustus is Ceasar of Rome

– Jesus turns sixteen years old, He’s working as a carpenter right now, most likely in his father’s shop

14     – The Han Dynasty rules in China – Augustus is Ceasar of Rome, but dies on

September 14 and Tiberius becomes Ceasar of Rome  

– Jesus turns seventeen years old, He’s working as a carpenter right now, most likely in his father’s shop  

15     – The Han Dynasty rules in China – Tiberius is Ceasar of Rome

– Jesus turns eighteen years old, He’s working as a carpenter right now, most likely in his father’s shop, I wonder when Joseph died? I wonder if Jesus wanted to bring him back from the dead?

– Annas is deposed as Jerusalem’s high priest

16     – The Han Dynasty rules in China – Tiberius is Ceasar of Rome

– Jesus turns nineteen years old

– John the apostle is born (it is believed he was 16 years old at the resurrection)

18     – The Han Dynasty rules in China – Tiberius is Ceasar of Rome

– Jesus turns twenty years old

– Herod Antipas, son of Herod the Great and governor of Galilee, founds the city of Tiberius in Galilee in honor of the emperor, it is located on the site of the hot springs on the southern end of the Sea of Galilee and remains there as a spa to this day (ASB 1708)

19     – The Han Dynasty rules in China – Tiberius is Ceasar of Rome

– Jesus turns twenty-one years old

20     – The Han Dynasty rules in China – Tiberius is Ceasar of Rome

– Jesus turns twenty-two years old

21     – The Han Dynasty rules in China – Tiberius is Ceasar of Rome

– Jesus turns twenty-three years old

22     – The Han Dynasty rules in China – Tiberius is Ceasar of Rome

– Jesus turns twenty-four years old

23     – The Han Dynasty rules in China – Tiberius is Ceasar of Rome

– Jesus turns twenty-five years old

24     – The Han Dynasty rules in China – Tiberius is Ceasar of Rome

– Jesus turns twenty-six years old

– Strabo, Greek geographer, philosopher, and historian dies, aged about 87

– In China, the Gengshi emperor is deposed and murdered (CH 167)

25     – The Han Dynasty rules in China, Gengshi is emperor, until Guangwu takes over as

emperor (rules until 57) – Tiberius is Ceasar of the Roman Empire – The Second Gonanda Dynasty begins its rule over Kashmir (part of present day India), Meghavahana is its first king

– Jesus turns twenty-seven years old

26     – The Han Dynasty rules in China, Guangwu is emperor – Tiberius is Ceasar of the

Roman Empire – The Second Gonanda Dynasty rules over Kashmir (part of present day India), Meghavahana is its first king (until 59)

– Jesus turns twenty-eight years old

Emperor Tiberius appoints Pontius Pilate as governor of Judea, a position he held until Tiberius removed him in 36 (ASB 1708)

– “In the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Ceasar—when Pontius Pilate was governor of Judea, Herod tetrarch of Galilee, his brother Philip tetrarch of Iturea and Traconitus, and Lysanius tetrarch of Abilene—during the priesthood of Annas and Caiaphas, the word of God came to John son of Zechariah in the desert. He went into all the country around the Jordan, preaching a baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sins. As is written in the book of the words of Isaiah the prophet: “A voice of one calling in the desert, ‘Prepare the way for the Lord, make straight paths for him. Every valley shall be filled in, every mountain and hill made low. The crooked roads shall become straight, the rough ways smooth. AND ALL MANKIND WILL SEE GOD’S SALVATION.’” (Luke 3:1-6)

27     – The Han Dynasty rules in China, Guangwu is emperor – Tiberius is Ceasar of Rome

– The Second Gonanda Dynasty rules over Kashmir (part of present day India), Meghavahana is its first king

– Jesus turns twenty-nine years old, He has not yet begun His ministry – John the Baptist, Jesus’ cousin, is preparing the way of the Lord, preaching the Kingdom of God, gaining disciples and baptizing

[Lands Without: Skeleton in the Well at Antiochia ad Cragum in Turkey – FLEXIBLE DATE]

28     – The Han Dynasty rules in China, Guangwu is emperor – Tiberius is Ceasar of Rome

– The Second Gonanda Dynasty rules over Kashmir (part of present day India), Meghavahana is its first king

– Jesus turns thirty years old, He has not yet begun His ministry – John

the Baptist is continuing his ministry preparing the way of the Lord, preaching the Kingdom of God, gaining disciples and baptizing

29     – The Han Dynasty rules in China – Tiberius is Ceasar of Rome – The Second

Gonanda Dynasty rules over Kashmir (part of present day India), Meghavahana is its

first king

Jesus begins His ministry, he turns thirty-one years old this year – John the Baptist continues his ministry preparing the way of the Lord, preaching the Kingdom of God, gaining disciples and baptizing, but when he sees Jesus coming toward him, he says, “Behold, the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world! This is the one I meant when I said, ‘A Man who comes after me has surpassed me because he was before me.’ I myself did not know Him, except that the One who sent me to baptize with water told me, ‘The Man on whom you see the Spirit come down and remain is He who will baptize with the Holy Spirit.’ I have seen Him and I testify that this is the Son of God.” (John 1:32-34)

                        – Interesting to note that by the time of Jesus’ first year of ministry:

  • The Terra Cotta Army in China has been buried for over 200 years, and the Great Wall of China has been built since ____
  • Confucius has been dead for almost 500 years
  • There are tribes and chiefdoms living in England (Julius Ceasar tried conquering them 79 years ago, but they freaked him out so bad that he left)
  • India has already had two Empires of its own, and is now in the beginnings of their second Gonanda dynasty (began in 25AD)
  • The Silk Road between China and ____ is thriving and has been for ____
  • Just northeast of present day Mexico City, the city of Teotihuacán in Mesoamerica has been thriving for over 300 years as a multicultural center of intense agriculture and polytheism (which includes human sacrifice), this city has multistory buildings and large pyramids (HWMM 78)

– Jesus goes into the Judean desert right after being baptized by John, and is tempted for forty days (I wonder what all the other temptations were? We only have record of three temptations, not enough to fill forty days), the second temptation is this, “The devil led Him up to a high place and showed Him in an instant all the kingdoms of the world (China, Rome, India, Gaul, Persia, Egypt…), And he said to Him, ‘I will give you all their authority and splendor, for it has been given to me, (because Mankind put the world into his hands by being tempted themselves and giving in) and I can give it to anyone I want to. So if You will worship me, it will all be yours.’ Jesus answered, ‘It is written: Worship the Lord your God and serve Him only.’” (Luke 4:5-8)

– Jesus returns to Galilee in the power of the Spirit, and news about Him spreads through the whole countryside, He teaches in their synagogues, and everyone is praising Him (Luke 4:14-15)

– Jesus goes to Nazareth, where He had been brought up, and on a Sabbath day, he goes into the synagogue, as is His custom, and He stands up to read. “The scroll of the prophet Isaiah was handed to Him. Unrolling it, He found the place where it is written: ‘The Spirit of the Lord is on me, because He has anointed me to preach good news to the poor. He has sent me to proclaim freedom for the prisoners and recovery of sight for the blind, to release the oppressed, to proclaim the year of the Lord’s favor.’ [see 700 B.C. when Isaiah wrote down. It had been held for centuries to be a prophecy of the Messiah and what He will do when He comes. Jesus knew exactly what He was doing when He read this aloud to them] Then He rolled up the scroll, gave it back to the attendant and sat down. The eyes of everyone in the synagogue were fastened on Him, and He began by saying to them, ‘Today this scripture is fulfilled in your hearing.’” (Luke 4:16-20)

30     – The Han Dynasty rules in China – Tiberius is Ceasar of Rome – The Second

Gonanda Dynasty rules over Kashmir (part of present day India), Meghavahana is its

first king

– Jesus is in the second year of His ministry, he turns thirty-two years old this year – John the Baptist is still preaching

– Queen Helena of Adiabene (modern-day Erbil, Iraqi Kurdistan) and also queen of Edessa (modern-day Urfa, Turkey) converts to Judaism, Adiabene is a Persian province on the northern extremities of the Tigris River, and is at the times a vassal kingdom to the Parthian Empire; Queen Helena will later move to Jerusalem with her sons and help the Jewish population in their war against Rome (she is later buried in the city when she dies sometime between 50-56)

[FIRE BELT:]

31      – The Han Dynasty rules in China – Tiberius is Ceasar of Rome – The Second

Gonanda Dynasty rules over Kashmir (part of present day India), Meghavahana is its

first king

– Jesus is in His third year of ministry, He turns thirty-three years old this year – Most likely at some point during this year is when Jesus is “…asked by the Pharisees when the Kingdom of God would come, Jesus replied, ‘The Kingdom of God does not come with your careful observation, nor will people say, ‘Here it is’ or ‘There it is,’ because the Kingdom of God is within you.’ Then He said to His disciples, ‘The time is coming when you will long to see one of the days of the Son of Man, but you will not see it. Men will tell you, ‘There He is!” or “Here He is!” Do not go running off after them. For the Son of Man in His day will be like the lightning, which flashes and lights up the sky from one end to another. [It will be unmistakable, you won’t have to wonder, “is this it?” You will know.] But first He must suffer many things and be rejected by this generation.’” (Luke 17:20-22) This happened before the Triumphal Entry into Jerusalem in the book of Luke, though Matthew records a similar conversation on the Temple Mount during Jesus’ last week on earth

                        – Jesus tells His disciples this parable “to show them that they should always

pray and not give up. He said: “In a certain town there was a judge who neither feared God nor cared about men. And there was a widow in that town who kept coming to him with the plea, ‘Grant me justice against my adversary.’ For some time he refused. But finally he said to himself, ‘Even though I don’t fear God or care about men, yet because this widow keeps bothering me, I will see that she gets justice, so that she won’t eventually wear me out with her coming!’ And the Lord said, “Listen to what the unjust judge says. And will not God bring about justice for His chosen ones, who cry out to Him day and night? Will He keep putting them off? I tell you, He will see that they get justice, and quickly. However, when the Son of Man comes, will He find faith on the earth?” [It seems the problem is not with Him, but with our faith—especially persistent faith.] (Luke 18:1-6)

– Gallia Aquitania is a Roman province in what is now France, it will later become the Duchy of Aquitaine where Eleanor of Aquitaine is from, it’s called Aquitania because it is intersected by several rivers

– [FIRE BELT: Right now, it does not feel like anything is different or catastrophic about this epoch (right now, to them, it’s their Top Soil), at present, it feels like they are on their way to laying down a great epoch themselves—remember every generation wants to be remembered as great and good, they want to be proud of their accomplishments and respected by all who come after them (though this is rarely the case, just see 70 A.D.)]

32      KINGS & RULERS: The Han Dynasty rules in China – Tiberius is Ceasar of

Rome – The Second Gonanda Dynasty rules over Kashmir (part of present day India), Meghavahana is its first king

– On April 6, Jesus enters Jerusalem as the Anointed One on Palm Sunday (according to Daniel’s 70 week prophecy in Dan. 9)

– Jesus spends a week coming into the Temple area both preaching and teaching Luke 19:45-21)

– Jesus has Passover with His disciples in the upper room, then they walk to the Mount of Olives to pray, that night, He is betrayed by Judas and stands trial throughout the night and early morning hours, He is crucified by 9am the next morning

– Jesus is crucified at 9am and gives up His spirit at 12pm, the Trinity is separated in that moment and the veil is torn

– The disciples are devastated, it is the day after their Rabbi and Savior was killed by the Romans

– It is the second day since Jesus was crucified by the Romans

– On the morning of the third day since Jesus was crucified,       

– Jesus shows Himself to Thomas

– Jesus on the road to Emmaus

– Jesus on the beach with His disciples eating fish  

– Jesus ascends into Heaven until the time He comes back

– Pentecost, the Spirit given

– The pyramid of Giza has existed in Egypt since 2500 B.C (according to Wikipedia) 

– The Flood happened 

[FIRE BELT:]

33     – The Han Dynasty rules in China – Tiberius is Ceasar of Rome – The Second

Gonanda Dynasty rules over Kashmir (part of present day India), Meghavahana is its

first king

– Jesus has been gone for a year now, and his disciples (now called apostles) are spreading the gospel to mainly Jewish people, the stories of the book of Acts are happening (though Luke doesn’t sit down to gather all the stories and write them “in an orderly account” until later, I wonder if there were Chinese people in Jerusalem at the time, maybe as merchants along the Silk Road? Was Jerusalem a stop along the Silk Road at this time?

– According to Wikipedia and the Catholic Church, Jesus ordained Peter to be the first pope in this year (not sure how as Jesus had already ascended into heaven? Maybe they’re just a year off, most people still say he died in 33 even though it was 32)

[FIRE BELT:]

34     – The Han Dynasty rules in China – Tiberius is Ceasar of Rome – The Second

Gonanda Dynasty rules over Kashmir (part of present day India), Meghavahana is its

first king

                        – Jesus has been gone for two years now

– Stephen gives his testimony before the Sanhedrin and is stoned (possibly, it seems right that is would be in this year, since it was before Paul converted, but after the church had gotten large enough that they needed to choose seven men to direct the daily distribution of food), “On that day a great persecution broke out against the church at Jerusalem, and all except the apostles were scattered throughout Judea and Samaria. Godly men buried Stephen and mourned deeply for him. But Saul began to destroy the church. Going from house to house, he dragged off men and women and put them in prison.” (Acts 8:1-3)

[FIRE BELT:]

35     – The Han Dynasty rules in China – Tiberius is Ceasar of Rome – The Second

Gonanda Dynasty rules over Kashmir (part of present day India), Meghavahana is its

first king

– Jesus has been gone for three years now

Paul the Apostle meets Jesus on the road to Damascus, Syria (ASB 1764)

– In China, “Ma himself began grappling with the proto-Tibetan Quiang people. Between 35-39 he subdued the region from modern Xining to Kokonor and settled vast numbers of Qiang along and within this sector of frontier.” (CH 169)

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