1910-1919 - The Titanic, The Federal Reserve, & The First World War

Intro

Body

Music

Photo

 

1910

PRESIDENTS, PRIME MINISTERS & ROYALTY: William Howard Taft is president – King Edward VII dies on May 6—end of Edwardian Era in England, although sometimes it is expanded until First World War—and King George V ascends the English throne, there is a photograph of “The nine sovereigns” at Windsor (see history visuals) gathered for Edward’s funeral – Nicholas II is tsar of Russia – Katsura Tarō is prime minister of Japan

Alfred Milner’s Kindergarten (1897-1910) in which he is “growing” or prepping prominent people to be like minded in imperialism is ongoing (The Anglo-American Establishment) (worth noting that the word “kindergarten” is from the German words “kinder” meaning “child,” and “garten” meaning “garden,” so “child garden.”)

A photo is taken of the Easter Parade on 5th Ave. in New York City

April 21, Mark Twain dies in Redding, Connecticut, USA

G. H. Pember (George Hawkins Pember), and English theologian and author of several books, including Earth’s Earliest Ages, dies in Budleigh, Salterton, a small town on the coast of East Devon; He had been born in Hereford, England in 1837

August 22, Imperial Japan annexes Korea, and Japanese rule of Korea begins (lasts until 1945)

C.S. Lewis’ awful school master is certified as being insane and Wynard School is closed in the summer

J Paul Getty travels to Europe with his parents, he falls in love with Europe and England and will study at Oxford in 1912

In St. Petersburg Russia, the first aviation school opens

A photo is taken of Shad Thames “Much of the river was lined by vertiginous warehouses creating dark canyons separated by slit-like alleys leading to ancient stairs, jetties and wharves. At Shad Thames a myriad of iron bridges spanned the street to allow goods to be moved across the walkways to warehouses inland.” (Lost London 13)

The British Queen Boudica is remembered by a “the Colchester Pageant, a grand event running over six days, involving a cast of 3,000, that staged tableaux from local history…(one of the posters) promised the re-creation of Boudicea’s Victory “on the Actual Battle Ground, among other attractions’” (UAS 24)

Hitler is still living in Vienna as a struggling, young artist

The Milner Group founds the British Empire periodical The Round Table “and this remains the mouthpiece of the group” (AAE Intro, written in 1949)

The Union of South Africa is established

August 26, Anjezë Gonxhe Bojaxhiu (Mother Theresa) is born in Kosovo, Ottoman Empire (present day North Macedonia) (d. 1997 in Calcutta, West Bengal, India) to Kosovar Albanian family 

September 15, The mystery author, Agatha Christie, turns 20; In this same year, a photo is taken of her looking out a window (Photo Credit: Wikimedia Commons)

The Mexican Revolution breaks out due to the increasing unpopularity of the thirty-one year regime of Porfirio Díaz and the regime’s failure to find a controlled solution to the issue of presidential succession, the wealthy landowner Francisco I Madero challenged Díaz in the 1910 presidential election and, following the rigged results, revolted under the October 1910 Plan of San Luis Potosí, armed conflict broke out in earnest in November starting in Northern Mexico, led by Madero, Pascual Orozco, and Pancho Villa

A picture is taken of William Kent (who purchased what would become Muir Woods and then gifted it to the nation) and John Muir at the Muir Woods Inn

November 20-30, six men meet on Jekyll Island off the coast of Georgia in the USA, at the Jekyll Island Club, they are the representatives of powerful American financiers, and they meet in total secrecy in order to discuss the formation of The Federal Reserve Bank (the central bank of America) which they need in order to finance the First World War, the men are: Nelson Aldrich, A. Piatt Andrew, Henry Davidson, Arthur Shelton, Frank Vanderlip and Paul Warburg, it is most likely J.P. Morgan (owner of the White Star Line/Titanic) arranged for the group to use the facilities; The club was founded in 1886, and among the membership are elites such as Morgan, Marshall Field, William Kissam Vanderbilt I, whose mansion-sized “cottages” dotted the island, Munsey’s Magazine described it in 1904 as “the richest, the most exclusive, the most inaccessible club in the world.” (https://www.federalreservehistory.org/essays/jekyll-island-conference) It is necessary to understand that they wanted to form a PRIVATE bank OWNED by themselves; This bank would not print and circulate US dollars, but rather FEDERAL RESERVE NOTES; However, there is too much opposition to their plan, specifically by three men: Astor, Strauss and Guggenheim; Incidentally, all three men die on the Titanic in 1912 (suspiciously convenient), and the Federal Reserve Bank is accepted in Congress the next year, in December 1913; World War I then breaks out in 1914, and the privately owned Federal Reserve Bank begins to turn a profit, as they lend to the American government with interest (Privately owned central banks all across Europe do the same, and it is also necessary to understand that all these central banks are owned by the same banking families)

November 29, C.S. Lewis turns 12 years old

 

1911

PRESIDENTS, PRIME MINISTERS & ROYALTY: William Howard Taft is the president – George V is king of England – Ernest Monis becomes prime minister of France until June 27 when he is succeeded by Joseph Caillaux – Nicholas II is the tsar of Russia – Katsura Tarō is prime minister of Japan until August 30, when Saionji Kinmochi becomes prime minister of Japan (this includes Korea)

January 3, The Siege of Sidney Street in London, in which a group of Russian-speaking anarchists led by “Peter the Painter” hole themselves up in 100 Sidney Street and Winston Churchill (then Home Secretary) arrives to help the police end the siege (London the Autobiography Pg. 359)

January 17, Woodrow Wilson, who will become president of the United States in a couple years, becomes the governor of New Jersey from 1911-1913

Thomas Edison’s company is based in Menlo Park, New Jersey (Google will be founded in Menlo Park as well)

April 2, Hugh Rodham is born (Hillary Clinton’s dad) in Scranton, Pennsylvania  

June 14, The White Star Line ship, Olympic, sets off on its maiden voyage to America (it’s nearly identical to its sister ship, the Titanic); There is little to no fanfare for its maiden voyage, making the fact that the Titanic had so much fanfare and that “anyone who was anyone” was on  

June 22, King George V is crowned in Westminster Abbey

June 27, Joseph Caillaux becomes prime minister of France, succeeding Ernest Monis

London is now a city of seven million inhabitants–greater than the combined populations of Paris, Berlin, St. Petersburg and Moscow

July 16, Ginger Rodgers is born in Independence, Missouri

In July, Hiram Bingham, begins his second expedition in the Peruvian Andes and the lost Inca city of Machu Picchu; “When Hiram Bingham arrived in the Peruvian Andes in July 1911, he was ready for what was to be the climactic achievement of his life: the exploration of the remote hinterland to the west of Cuzco, the old Inca capital…He had already done a preliminary reconnaissance a few years before, in 1909, when he had made the mistake of coming in the wet season. This time he would be on dry ground and he had prepared meticulously for it, both with a well-provisioned team and with the invaluable research he had been given by the Peruvian academic, Carlos Romero. This included recently discovered chronicles from time to time of the Spanish Conquest, which pointed to the existence of hitherto unsuspected Inca ruins.” (Lost City of the Incas Intro.)

August 26, Mother Theresa turns 1

In London, the open-topped old horse busses become obsolete because of the motorized taxis and buses (Lost London Pg. 28)

In September, the Olympic collides with the English Royal Navy Cruiser HMS Hawk and is taken back to Southampton Harbor to get it temporarily repaired before it can get back to the Belfast dry dock, the damage ends up being way worse than they originally thought, there is a huge hole above the waterline, thousands of popped rivets, buckled steel across four decks, and most importantly, a twisted keel, which is very serious, once in Belfast, the full damage assessment is done in October, Lloyds of London (the White Star Line’s insurance company) denied the claim, the White Star Line is now liable to pay for HMS Hawk and their own ship, this would have bankrupt the White Star Line, they were also losing revenue from the Olympic being out of commission, and if the White Star Line went under, then so did the ship builder Wolff, as part of the damage repair the Olympic “borrowed” a propeller from the Titanic which was well underway to being finished

The U.S. Supreme Court orders the dissolution of the Standard Oil Company owned by Rockefeller and some of its business partners, ruling it is in violation of the Sherman Antitrust Act, it’s an unfair monopoly driving smaller companies out of business, in 1882, Rockefeller and partners created the Standard Oil Trust that eventually took over the refinement, distribution, marketing and other aspects of the oil industry, and they eventually gained control over 90% of the country’s oil production), the Supreme Court ordered Standard Oil to break up in 34 independent companies spread across the country and abroad, most of these companies have since split or folded, but the primary descendants of Standard Oil include ExxonMobil, Chevron and ConocoPhillips (learning.blogs.nytimes.com)—Although this doesn’t make sense, they seemed to still be a company in 1941 (see that year)

Hitler is still living in Vienna as a struggling, young artist

Hiram Bingham, an American historian, explorer and lecturer at Yale University travels to Peru to look for the old Inca capital and is led by a villager, Melchor Arteaga, to Machu Picchu, he is not the first to visit the ruins, but he is considered the first scientific discoverer who will bring this city to international attention (Wikipedia)

Watch: YouTube Video “1911 – Street Crossing in Vienna, Austria”

Ernest Rutherford, a British Physicist, originates the model of an atom (as we normally think of it) like a tiny solar system with the electrons spinning around it like planets around the sun—BUT that won’t work, because: “According to classical (Newtonian) physics, the electrons that swarm around the atomic nucleus would also lose energy by radiating light continuously and would eventually crash into the nucleus. So the solar-system atom is not stable; Niels Bohr [see 1913] (who supposedly saw the solar-system atom in a dream), however, created a stable model of the atom by applying the concept of the quantum jump”

November 29, C.S. Lewis turns 13 years old

December 24, Howard Hughes turns 6 years old

The British Empire periodical The Round Table, called “the mouthpiece of the [Cecil Rhodes Secret Society] group” continues to be published and circulated (AAE Intro, written in 1949), this periodical is still published in the present year

Harry Chandler is building his media empire; he married the daughter of the owner of the Los Angeles Times

 

1912

PRESIDENTS, PRIME MINISTERS & ROYALTY: William Howard Taft is president of the USA – George V is king of England – Raymond Poincaré becomes Prime Minister of France – Nicholas II is the tsar of Russia – Katsura Tarō is prime minister of Japan until December 21 when Katsura Tarō becomes prime minister again (3rd term)

January 14, Reginald Claypoole Vanderbilt (Anderson Cooper’s grandfather) turns 32 years old, he is married to Cathleen Neilson (will divorce in 1920 and he’ll marry Anderson Cooper’s grandmother, Gloria Morgan in 1923)

In January, the ocean liner Olympic (identical twin sister ship of the Titanic) has another collision, it limps back to Southampton and is patched up again; while it is berthed in Southampton, it is photographed next to Titanic which is now on the water, they are NEARLY IDENTICLE, on the forward part of C the deck, the Olympic has 16 unevenly spaced portholes, and Titanic has 14 evenly spaced portholes, on the aft part of the E deck, the Olympic is open, and the Titanic is closed

March 26, a photo is taken of 20 Cloth Fair and the entrance to Red Lion Passage in London, there is a newspaper placard outside one of the shops that reads “Coal Crisis / A Fruitless Day / Bill Postpones / Gloomy Outlook / French Motor Bandits / Three Men Killed” (the news has always thrived on people’s fear, hasn’t it?), the photo shows a woman standing next to the placard (Lost London 46)

Hiram Bingham returns to Machu Picchu under the sponsorship of Yale University and National Geographic, he begins excavating, with continuing excavations in 1914 and 1915

George Washington Vanderbilt (1862-1914) and his wife, Edith, are booked for passage on the Titanic, but they change their plans at the last minute via telephone and instead sail on the Titanic’s sister ship, the Olympic which leaves port before the Titanic and the Vanderbilts arrive in New York before its sinking (Wikipedia) (the Olympic is on its way back to England by the time the Titanic is headed for New York in the opposite direction)

The Titanic is NOT OPEN to the public before its launch like the Olympic was, only two firemen and stokers signed up for the voyage, which is crazy because during this time there is a country-wide coal strike, and since coal is nearly impossible to get, there are hardly any ships leaving the UK for America, so why didn’t people jump at the chance for work on the ship? 50 first class passengers cancel at the last minute, they are all friends and colleagues of JP Morgan, JP Morgan himself also canceled, he says he is ill, but he is seen two days later at a resort in France with his mistress, he also calls from France and tells porters to remove from the ship some expensive bronzes that he was shipping to America, first class passengers who wanted to transfer to the Titanic were only offered 2nd class rooms, this may have been to turn them off from coming, the Titanic was only half full, whereas the Olympic had been completely full on its maiden voyage

April 5, the SS Californian launches from London with NO PASSENGERS during a coal strike when there would have been people clamoring for a ship to take them to America, why would you launch a ship with no passengers? And there was NO CARGO on the Californian except 3,000 woolen sweaters and 3,000 woolen blankets – On April 10, the Titanic launches on its maiden voyage

April 14, The Titanic’s twin sister ship, the Olympic, is sailing in the opposite direction, bound for Europe, one of its passengers is Daniel Hudson Burnham, an architect that had made a name for himself around the world by designing buildings in San Francisco, Chicago, New York, Washington (he had designed Union Station in Washington D.C.), Manila in the Philippines and many other cities; His good friend, the painter Frank Millet, who is on the Titanic bound for New York, he tries to send a midsea greeting to his friend via the Marconi wireless, but the operator refuses to send it because the Titanic has met an accident at sea and the Olympic is on its way to come to their aid (The Devil in the White City 3-7)

April 14, the captain of the SS Californian, Captain Lord, stops dead in the water in the middle of an ice field, he ordered the boilers to be kept fired (you would normally shut down the boilers if you were going to be at a stand still), that night he also sleeps fully clothed on a small sofa (he was 6ft tall) in the chart room, he also ordered for the crew to stand ready, late in the evening he sends six messages to the Titanic, three are iceberg warnings, and three were personally addressed to Captain Smith, we don’t know what they said, except that Lord told Smith the exact location of where he had stopped the Californian

Also on April 14, Captain Smith delays putting the Titanic on the Southern Track for 10 miles (there were different tracks for ships at different times of the year, mainly to avoid icebergs), him delaying putting the Titanic on the Southern Track for 10 miles put Titanic directly in the middle of an ice field, at 11pm Fleet and Lee take watch, they report an iceberg siting at 11:35, they messaged the bridge, and the order is given to “port around it,” which would have been fine, there wouldn’t have been a problem because of the speed it was going, they would have missed it altogether, but for some reason Murdoch, the first officer, reversed the engines, slowing the Titanic down and not giving it enough time to get around the iceberg, this guaranteed a collision, it is worth noting that Captain Smith slept fully clothed on a couch like Captain Lord, the Titanic could go to a full stop in 850 yards (about half a mile), yet 2nd Officer Lightoller said “Iceberg visible from 2 miles,” after the ship hits the iceberg, Captain Smith orders to go “half-speed ahead” for five minutes, is he trying to get closer to the Californian? When a ship is spotted, he shuts down the engines 

The Titanic sinks on April 14, some of the people that died are Benjamin Guggenheim (he left $115,000 in his will to his immediate family, in today’s money, that’s $3 million, Peggy Guggenheim, his daughter, becomes the driving force behind Venice’s Guggenheim art museum) and John Jacob Astor IV (he was the richest man in the world at the time of his death, one estimate of his wealth is $58.7 billion in today’s money, his great-grandfather had established the first American Monopoly and John Jacob IV had invested in New York real estate) and W.T. Stead who exposed child prostitution in London and Isador Straus these were some of the richest men in the world, but none of them had gotten their wealth from finance, they had gotten it through industry and retail, that is important (also they all opposed the formation of the Federal Reserve Bank, there will be a quote by Benjamin Fulford in 2011 saying, “The Titanic was deliberately sunk to get rid of senior financiers who were opposed to the taking over of the Federal Reserve Board” the reason these men (Guggenheim, Astor and Straus) were opposed the formation of the Federal Reserve Bank was not for benevolent reasons, it was because it would undermine their own fortunes, they weren’t financiers, so they wouldn’t be involved in the Bank and wouldn’t make any money off of it [NOTE: whenever you introduce money that isn’t from the government, but from a private organization, the government then HAS TO PAY INTEREST TO THAT PRIVATE ORGANIZATION, so every dollar has a private interest attached to it, and that is the reason for the national debt, nothing else] also of note is the fact that JP Morgan eventually acquired their business anyway (Guggenheim, Straus and Astor) JP Morgan was also the largest shareholder in IMM (International Mercantile Marine) who owned the Californian, the ship that could have saved everyone

The May 4 issue of the New York Times reports that 18 skeletons were found by the Phillips Brothers on Lake Lawn farm in southwest Wisconsin, an excerpt from the article titled “Strange Skeletons Found” reads “The heads, presumably those of men, are much larger than the heads of any race which inhabit America to-day. From directly over the eye sockets, the head slopes straight back and the nasal bones protrude far above the cheek bones. The jaw bones are long and pointed, bearing a minute resemblance to the head of the monkey. The teeth in the front of the jaw are regular molars.” (https://nyti.ms/3wnhuxe)

May 4, The May 4 issue of the New York Times reports on the investigation of the Titanic’s sinking (https://nyti.ms/3qkEclL)

The 9th Duke of Devonshire builds the current red carpeted staircase and retains a single gallery (there had been two) in the painted entrance hall of Chatsworth House (Chatsworth guidebook)

A photo is taken of the Vanderbilt University's Class of 1912

August 26, Mother Theresa turns 2 

November 28, J. Paul Getty enrolls in the University of Oxford, a letter of introduction by President William Howard Taft enables him to gain independent instructors at Magdalen College, although he isn’t registered there, he claims the aristocratic students “accepted me as one of their own” and he later fondly boasts that he made friends with Edward VIII, the future King of the United Kingdom

November 29, C.S. Lewis turns 14 

Universal Pictures founded

A photo is taken in London of the uncovered foundations of the medieval Hall of the Priory of St. John of Jerusalem after houses have been cleared away (Lost London 46)

Hitler is still living in Vienna as a struggling, young artist

Coco Chanel’s millinery (hat-making) career takes off in Paris when the French theater actress Gabrielle Dorziat (1880-1979) wears one of her hats in the play Bel Ami

The British Empire periodical The Round Table is “the mouthpiece of the [Cecil Rhodes Secret Society] group” continues to be published and circulated (The Anglo-American Establishment Intro, written in 1949), this periodical is still published in the present year

At least three letters are written to a Miss Emma Brion from a friend in Omaha, Nebraska, on January ?, August 12, and September 2 (they now sit on my desk )

Victor Records publishes The Victor Book of the Opera, in which all the current operas are described along with their Acts, music and performers (personal library)

 

1913

PRESIDENTS, PRIME MINSITERS & ROYALTY: Woodrow Wilson becomes the 28th president of the United States – George V is king of England – Raymond Poincaré becomes President of France – Nicholas II is the tsar of Russia

Woodrow Wilson is a Democrat elected from New Jersey, but he was born and raised in the South and was the first Southern-born president to be elected post-Civil War (he was alive during the Civil War and remembers it well), he appoints several Southerners to his cabinet, some quickly began to press for segregated workspaces even though they had been integrated since after the Civil War

February 4, Rosa Parks is born in Tuskagee, AL

Dorothy Garrod (pioneer archaeologist) studies History and Classics at Newham College in London

In June, J Paul Getty obtains a diploma in economics and political science from Oxford, then spends months traveling throughout Europe and Egypt before meeting his parents in Paris and returning with them to America in June of 1914

A photo is taken of the interior of 1 Bedford Square, Bloomsbury on July 1, it’s a very polite looking home, large paintings and a beautiful fireplace (LL 11)

Henry Huntington marries Arabella Duval Huntington and together they amass an extensive library, art collection, and botanical collection later known as the Huntington Library and Gardens in San Marino, California

Coco Chanel opens a boutique in Deauville, France which is financed by her lover, an English captain named Arthur Capel, Chanel’s sister and aunt both supported her and would wear her clothes and hats around town and on the boardwalks daily to advertise the Chanel brand

Hitler moves to Munich, Germany in May, selling similar scenes of the city’s landmarks in shops and beer gardens, and though he eventually finds several loyal, well-off customers who commission works from him, his progress comes to a grinding halt in January 1914… (history.com)

December 23, the Federal Reserve Act is quietly passed in Congress when 9/10 of the congressmen had gone home for the holidays, it is the BEGINNING OF THE AMERICAN NATIONAL DEBT (THE ENGLISH NATIONAL DEBT BEGAN WITH THE BANK OF ENGLAND IN 1694) —it is the central banking system of the United States and is governed by a presidentially appointed Federal Reserve Board of Directors, the seven members have staggered 14 year terms and are not eligible for re-appointment, it was enacted by the Federal Reserve Act after a series of panics (particularly the panic of 1907) which led to the desire for central control of the monetary system in order to alleviate financial crises; The families that are founding the Federal Reserve Bank are: Goldman Sachs, Rockefellers, Lehmans and Kuhn Loebs of New York, the Rothschilds of Paris and London, the Warburgs of Hamburg, the Lazards of Paris, and the Israel Moses Seifs of Rome

The Rockefeller Foundation is formed

J.P. Morgan dies

Albert Einstein arrives at the University of Berlin, where he is made director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for physics

Niels Bohr, a Danish physicist, publishes an article in the Philosophical Magazine, 26: 1-24, titled, “On the constitution of atoms and molecules” (saved in folder) in which he says that a particle cannot manifest in reality—that is, ordinary space-time as we know it—until we observe it (BHBY 14) “He applied the idea of light quanta to suggest that the whole world of the atom is full of quantum jumps” (SAU 27)

Income Tax is ratified in the USA by the 16th amendment, it makes income tax constitutional, Income Tax began during the civil war as an emergency measure, but I guess the government (now owned by private family banks) liked it enough to keep it  

November 29, C.S. Lewis turns 15 years old

The British Empire periodical The Round Table is “the mouthpiece of the [Cecil Rhodes Secret Society] group” continues to be published and circulated (AAE Intro, written in 1949), this periodical is still published in the present year

 

1914

PRESIDENTS, PRIME MINISTERS & ROYALTY:Woodrow Wilson is president – George V is king of England/H.H. Asquith is prime minister  

In January, the Munich police track Hitler down due to his failure to register for the military draft back in Linz, Austria

February 4, Rosa Parks turns 1 year old Tuskegee, AL

In March, the editor of Le Figaro a publication in France, is shot dead by Madame Caillaux, because earlier in the year he had published loved letters sent by her husband Joseph Caillaux (who was the minister of finance and a previously the prime minister of France) (1863-1944) to Henriette (who late became his second wife), Madame Caillaux is acquitted on the grounds that she committed a crime passionel   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_Caillaux   

Hiram Bingham begins excavating the Inca remains at Machu Picchu, Peru, again, he had seen the ruins for the first time back in 1908, and his first expedition to them was back in 1911, his expeditions are funded by Yale and the National Geographic Society; He will publish a book in 1948 titled The Lost City of the Incas

March 6, George Washington Vanderbilt dies, aged 51, of complications of an appendectomy in Washington D.C., he is interred in the Vanderbilt family mausoleum in the Moravian Cemetery in New Dorp in Staten Island in New York (b. 1862)

In March, Katherine Routeledge, a British archaeologist and anthropologist, lands on Easter Island, far off the South American coast, along with a crew borrowed from the English navy in order to investigate the island (she publishes a book in 1919 about the expedition titled The Mystery of Easter Island

June 28, Archduke Franz Ferdinand (heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne) is assassinated in Sarajevo, Bosnia, the archduke had traveled to Sarajevo to inspect the imperial armed forces

World War I begins in August

The Italian silent film Cabiria is released, it features children being sacrificed to the pagan deity Molech, who required child sacrifice for his worship (I find it interesting that this movie is releasing when so many young men are about to die in war, it’s also interesting that, in the year 2022, the Vatican erects a replica of the statue of Molech from this film outside the colosseum in Rome in 2019 https://www.thepostemail.com/2019/11/22/vatican-erects-molech-statue-at-entrance-to-roman-colosseum/

“With the outbreak of war in 1914 horses were requisitioned, spelling the death-knell for surviving hansoms and growlers” in London (Lost London 28)

The Olympic (or perhaps the Titanic) ocean liner is still running transatlantic service, along with a few remaining liners, mostly for Americans escaping Europe, these passages are tense, with extra drills, blacked out portholes, and mounted guns for protection, soon after though, the Olympic is in use for troop transport services, this was one of the conditions that JP Morgan had to agree to when he bought the White Star Line from the British, the Olympic (Titanic) mostly travels between Halifax, Nova Scotia in Canada to various ports in the UK, the Olympic could travel with over 6,000 troops aboard (Canadians were part of the English Common Wealth)

End of Ottoman rule in Babylon (presently day Iraq) and the beginning of British occupation

C.S. Lewis arrives at Great Bookham to begin his studies with Kirkpatrick—the “Great Knock”

“By 1914, there were over 140,000 Jews in London. Whitechapel became a Jewish ‘ghetto’ with shuls, mikvahs, libraries, soup kitchens, ritual slaughterhouses, bakeries and synagogues, established for the diverse immigrant Jewish communities from Eastern Europe” (LL 17)

November 29, C.S. Lewis turns 16 years old

December 22, the Ottoman Empire engages with the Russian Empire in the Battle of Sarikamish in the Allahuekber Mountains in northeastern Turkey, the Ottomans were ill prepared for the winter months and around 25,000 Ottoman soldiers froze to death before the start of the battle, there was a Russian victory and after the battle the Ottoman Minister of War, Enver Pasha, who had planned the Ottoman strategy blamed the Armenians, which led to the Armenian Genocide

December 24, John Muir dies in Los Angeles

December 24, (Christmas Eve), the firing stops on the front lines in Flanders and a German officer, Walter Kirchhoff, a tenor with the Berlin Opera, begins singing “Silent Night” in German, then he sings it in English, and the English begin singing it back, gradually the troops crawl forward into No Man’s Land and they all sing it together

Highclere Castle, the home of Lord and Lady Carnarvon, is turned into a hospital for the wounded…such a weird twist in the story, that is, if Lord Carnarvon was involved with planning WWI with Cecil Rhodes and then later turned his home into a hospital for the wounded of that war that HE HELPED PLAN, that is super awful, him looking like the healer when he was one of the ones that fired the gun

Cary Grant is told by his father that his mother is dead, when in fact his father had put her in an institution (the father had previously left the family and had a child with another woman in Southampton)

Pope Benedict XV becomes the pope (holds that office throughout WWI, ends his office in 1922)

The song It’s a Long Way to Tipperary is recorded by John McCormack with the Victor Records label, and the 1914 Victor Records Catalogue is published (see library)

The British Empire periodical The Round Table is “the mouthpiece of the [Cecil Rhodes Secret Society] group” continues to be published and circulated (AAE Intro, written in 1949), this periodical is still published in the present year

 

1915

PRESIDENTS, PRIME MINISTERS & ROYALTY: Woodrow Wilson is president – King George V is on the English throne/H.H. Asquith is prime minister – Czar Nicholas and his wife Czarina Alexandria (granddaughter of Victoria through Princess Alice) are on the Russian throne

January 3, J.R.R. Tolkien turns 23

January 19, the German Zeppelins strike Great Britain for the first time, dropping bombs on the seaside towns of Great Yarmouth and King’s Lynn, “with the targeting of civilian populations from the air, modern warfare had arrived, “Nowadays there is no such animal as a non-combatant,” justified German zeppelin corps commander Peter Strasser, “modern warfare is total warfare.” (history.com)

Hiram Bingham continues excavating the Inca remains at Machu Picchu, Peru

Nikola Tesla (now 59 years old) begins writing a series of articles in the Electrical Experimenter magazine, the first one is serialized in February and is titled, “My Early Life,” in it, he writes, “I am credited with being one of the hardest workers and perhaps I am, if thought is the equivalent of labor, for I have devoted to it almost all my waking hours. But if work is interpreted to be a definite performance in a specified time according to a rigid rule, then I may be the worst of idlers. Every effort under compulsion demands a sacrifice of life-energy. I never paid such a price. On the contrary, I have thrived on my thoughts…My mother descended from one of the oldest families in the country and a line of inventors. Both her father and grandfather originated numerous implements for the household, agriculture and other uses. She was a truly great woman, of rare skill, courage and fortitude, who had braved the storms of life and past thru many a trying experience. When she was sixteen a virulent pestilence swept the country. Her father was called away to administer the last sacraments to the dying and during his absence she went alone to the assistance of a neighboring family who were stricken with the dread disease. All of the members, five in number, succumbed in rapid succession. She bathed, clothed and laid out the bodies, decorating them with flowers according to the custom of the country and when her farther returned he found everything ready for a Christian burial. My mother was an inventor of the first order…” (NTMI 8)

April 7, Billie Holiday (Eleanora Fagan) is born on in Philadelphia

April 24, the Ottoman authorities round up, arrest and deport hundreds of Armenian intellectuals and community leaders from Constantinople and relocate them within the Ottoman Empire, most were ultimately killed, this was considered a “decapitation strike” in order to deprive the Armenians of leadership or a chance for resistance, it is estimated that over one million ethnic Armenians were murdered during the Armenian genocide

The Treaty of London is signed, it’s a secret treaty between the Triple Entente (the Russian Empire, the Third French Republic, and Great Britain) and the Kingdom of Italy that brought Italy into WWI on the Allied side, it is signed on April 26, in London and its intent is to have Italy break away from its 33-year old Triple Alliance (German Empire, Austria-Hungary and Italy)

May 3, Bing Crosby turns 12

May 31, a German zeppelin drops 90 incendiary bombs and 30 grenades on the city of London, it left seven dead and 35 wounded

Albert Einstein, while director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Physics at the University of Berlin, publishes the general theory of relativity, which he considers his masterwork, this theory found that gravity, as well as motion, can affect time and space (this was proved in 1919 during a solar eclipse), the general theory of relativity was the first major theory of gravity since Newton’s more than 250 years before, and the results made a tremendous splash worldwide, with the London Times proclaiming a “Revolution in Science” and a “New Theory of the Universe,” Einstein begins touring the world, speaking in front of crowds of thousands in the United States, Britain, France, and Japan

The song Pack Up Your Troubles in Your Old Kit-Bag is recorded as a military marching song in London

J.R.R. Tolkien is 23 years old

John D. Rockefeller’s wife, Laura Spelman, dies (b. 1839, m. 1864)

The Panama-Pacific Exposition takes place in San Francisco, the Palace of Fine Arts is built to exhibit works of art (it was later totally demolished in 1964 and rebuilt, being completed again in 1974)

November 15, Booker T. Washington dies

November 25, Andrew Carnegie turns 80 

November 29, C.S. Lewis turns 17 

December 12, Frank Sinatra is born in Hoboken, New Jersey

The British Empire periodical The Round Table is “the mouthpiece of the [Cecil Rhodes Secret Society] group” continues to be published and circulated (AAE Intro, written in 1949), this periodical is still published in the present year

 

1916

PRESIDENTS, PRIME MINISTERS & ROYALTY: Woodrow Wilson is president – King George V is on the English throne / David Lloyd George becomes the prime minister of England, Arthur Balfour (former prime minister 1902-1905) becomes his foreign secretary (will issue the Balfour Declaration next year) – Charles I & IV becomes Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary, Croatia and Dalmatia, and King of Bohemia after his predecessor, Franz Joseph I dies

January 3, J.R.R. Tolkien turns 24

Charles Taze Russell (founder of what became known as Jehovah’s Witnesses) dies in Pampa, Texas

Dorothy Garrod’s studies are interrupted by WWI and she serves briefly in the Ministry of Munitions

“By 1916, the Milner Group had made its entrance into the citadel of political power, and for the next twenty-three years steadily extended its influence until by 1938, it was the most potent political force in Britain” (AAE Intro)

The façade of the Gatehouse to St. Bartholomew the Great (oldest parish church in London, built in 1123) is destroyed in a Zeppelin raid, revealing the original 16th century timber-framed frontage behind (it was restored in the 1920s)

Armenian genocide ends (1915-1916)

The song If You Were the Only Girl (In the World) is written for the musical The Bing Boys Are Here which premiers in London (Listen to it on Spotify here)

September 2, the Germans launched their largest raid of the war with a fleet of 16 airships heading to London, “the searchlights scouring the skies caught one of the silver zeppelins sparkling in their beams, and Royal Flying Corps pilot William Leefe Robinson soared over 11,000 feet and closed in upon his prey. He raked the zeppelin with bullets that punctured the leviathan like harpoons. Suddenly the mighty airship ignited like a torch, and the fireball fell from the sky like a shooting star that could be seen for 100 miles around. Londoners cheered and sang patriotic tunes as the incinerated zeppelin plummeted to the earth.”

The American Congress passes the National Park Service Organic Act, congressmen Kent co-authors the legislation and Stephen T. Mather is the first director

November 25, Andrew Carnegie turns 81 

November 29, C.S. Lewis is 18 

December 12, Frank Sinatra turns 1 

 

1917

PRESIDENTS, PRIME MINISTERS & ROYALTY: Woodrow Wilson is the president of the USA / Thomas Marshall is vice president – George V is king of England / David Lloyd George is prime minister, Arthur Balfour is his foreign secretary

The Milner Group becomes the chief influence in Lloyd George’s war between 1917-1919 (AAE Intro)

January 3, J.R.R. Tolkien turns 25

May 29, John F. Kennedy is born

In the spring, British troops land in the northern ports of Archangel and Murmansk, and the Japanese seize Vladivostok on the Pacific and spread westward toward Siberia to keep the Germans from getting their hands on Russian raw materials such as grain and oil, as well as ports, railways and munitions, in addition American troops land as well, though reluctantly, in order to keep an eye on the Japanese (and perhaps on the British) and to protect a legion of Czechs who had got themselves stuck in Siberia from Russian prisoner-of-war camps (Paris 1919, Pg. 71)

C.S. Lewis arrives in Oxford and is given a set of rooms in the quadrangle on his arrival at University College, a picture is taken of him with the undergraduates of University College, Trinity Term 1917, “his main object in coming into residence in the summer term of 1917 was to join the Oxford University Officers’ Training Corps. He submitted his application on 25 April, before arriving in Oxford. His application was accepted without difficulty five days later, this positive response partly reflecting the fact that Lewis had already served in the Combined Cadet Force at Malvern School” (C.S. Lewis A Life 53) “University College saw 770 students serve in the Great War; 175 of these were killed in battle. Even in his short time at University College in the summer of 1917, Lewis would have been aware of how many of the college’s undergraduates had gone to war, never to return. The fate of so many is captured in the somber lines of the 1916 poem “The Spires of Oxford”: “I saw the spires of Oxford as I was passing by, The grey spires of Oxford Against a pearl-grey sky; My heart was with the Oxford men Who went abroad to die”

November 2, The Balfour Declaration is issued from England’s Foreign Office by Foreign Secretary Arthur Balfour (former prime minister 1902-1905), the Declaration promises British support for a Jewish National Home

Cary Grant starts hanging around the local theater in Surrey, England, and doing odd jobs, he then takes up with Bob Pender’s group of traveling performers as a juggler

The opium trade (started in the 1700s) finally ceases in China (opium use will finally be eradicated by the Chinese communists when they come to power in 1949) (Encyclopedia Britannica)

By the end of year, there are over 180,000 foreign troops in place to offer support to anti-Bolshevik White Russians, it is quite clear that an intervention that had started out against the Germans has turned into something quite different (Paris 1919, Pg. 71)

The patriotic song Over There is recorded and it becomes popular with the United States military and public during both World Wars

David Bohm, who later becomes an amazing physicist, is born in Wilkes-Barre, Penn., a small Polish and Irish mining town, his father is a Jewish furniture dealer (see 1939 when he graduates from college) (Lifework of David Bohm.doc by William Keepin, Ph.D.)

Marcel Vogel is born in San Francisco, California on April 14, he goes on to become a research scientist for IBM from 1957-1984, he develops liquid crystal technology for LCD screens, he also works with luminescence and makes fluorescent colors that were later used for “New Age” posters (d. 1991)

The zeppelin raids on London cease, but they killed nearly 700 and seriously injured 2,000 over the course of two years, and after the zeppelins were of no use anymore, the heavy biplane bombers came in their stead (history.com)

Forbes magazine is founded by Bertie Charles Forbes who was born in Scotland, but becomes an American citizen this year, Forbes is a business and finance magazine (in 2014, a Hong Kong based investment company named Integrated Media Whale Investments buys the majority of the stake in the magazine)

November 25, Andrew Carnegie turns 82 years old

November 29, C.S. Lewis is 19 

December 12, Frank Sinatra turns 2 

According to Forbes in 2015, this is the year when Harry CHANDLER’s fortune is founded, he has a publishing empire (which includes the Los Angeles Times) and he’s in real estate

A photo is taken of the Queen Victoria Market building on the corner of George Street and Park Street in Sydney Australia (Photo Credit: Wikimedia Commons)

 

1918

PRESIDENTS, PRIME MINISTERS & ROYALTY: Woodrow Wilson is the president of the USA / Thomas Marshall – George V is king of England / David Lloyd George is the prime minister

January 3, J.R.R. Tolkien turns 26

Paddy Moore, C.S. Lewis’ good friend, is killed in France

A telegram from the War Office reads: “2nd Lt. C.S. Lewis Somerset Light Infantry wounded April fifteenth,”

World War I ends

At the end of the war, Europe is struggling to figure out where its borders are, and the Peace Conference is gathering leaders and rulers from all over to shape both modern Europe and the globe, and President Wilson gives his “14 Points” speech, which is met with great enthusiasm and hope by people everywhere (but later the 14 points aren’t realized and disillusionment sets in)

The British Mandate in Israel begins, and they install the first Grand Mufti of Jerusalem

Dorothy Garrod studies Prehistory at Oxford under the direction of R.R. Marret

The Austro-Hungarian Empire is defeated and leaves a giant hole in the middle of Europe, because of this, the Habsburg monarchy ends in Austria, (they had been ruling since 1278 with their power base in Vienna, that’s a long monarchy—640 years of rule!)

The Kingdom of Prussia ends

July 16, the Russian Imperial Romanov family is shot and bayoneted to death by Communist revolutionaries on the night

July 18, Nelson Mandela is born in Mvezo, Cape Province, Union of South Africa (now Eastern Cape)

Max Planck is awarded the Nobel Prize for his role as the originator of quantum theory, though he is receives the award next year

Claude Debussy, a French composer who was born in 1862, dies in his Paris home while Paris is still under heavy German artillery bombardment

The Save-The-Redwoods League is founded to raise money for the purchase of redwood forests for state and national park lands in the U.S.

November 25, Andrew Carnegie turns 83 years old

November 29, C.S. Lewis is 20 

December 1, Woodrow Wilson boards the George Washington to sail from New York to the Peace Conference in Paris, “guns fired salutes, crowds along the waterfront cheered, tugboats hooted and Army planes and dirigibles circled overhead…the ship, a former German passenger liner, slid out past the Statue of Liberty to the Atlantic, where an escort of destroyers and battleships stood by to accompany it and its cargo of heavy expectations to Europe” (P1919 4)

December 12, Frank Sinatra turns 3

President Woodrow Wilson and Colonel Edward House (Wilson’s most trusted advisor) have their first conversation in Paris and are already suspicious of European intentions, although the Peace Conference isn’t for another few weeks, the maneuvering has begun (P1919 20)

The Wilsons (president Wilson) spend Christmas with General John Pershing at the American headquarters outside Paris and then leave for London, Wilson is again greeted by large and adoring crowds, but his private talks with British leaders do not initially go well, the president is stiff, offended that Lloyd George and senior British ministers had not rushed over to France to welcome him and annoyed that the British general election meant the start of the Peace Conference would have to be delayed (P1919)

HENRY FORD SAYS, “It is well enough that people do not understand our banking and money system, for if they did, I believe there would be a revolution by tomorrow morning.”

 

1919

PRESIDENTS, PRIME MINISTERS & ROYALTY: Wilson is the president of the USA / Thomas Marshall is vice president – George V is king of England / David Lloyd George is the prime minister of England, Winston Churchill is secretary of state for war during the Peace Conference – Clemenceau is the French Prime Minister – Victor Emmanuel III is king of Italy (r. 1900-1946), he is married to Queen Victoria’s granddaughter, Princess Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg (m. 1906) – Alfonso XIII is king of Spain (r. 1886-1931))

The Milner Group dominates the British delegation to the Peace Conference in Paris, it has a great deal to do with the formation of the League of Nations and of the system of mandates, it also founds the Royal Institute of International Affairs and still controls it (The Anglo-American Establishment Intro, written in 1949)

January 3, J.R.R. Tolkien turns 27

Also in January, C.S. Lewis returns to Oxford at age 16 after the end of WWI and given the same set of rooms in the quadrangle of University College, he pursues classical languages and literature, referred to in Oxford as Literae Humanities (Lit. Hum.) or an “immersion in the civilization and thought of the ancient world”

January 12, the day after his arrival in Paris, Lloyd George meets Clemenceau, Wilson and the Italian prime minister, Vittorio Orlando, at the French Foreign Ministry on the Quai d’Orsay for the first of well over a hundred meetings, each man has brought his foreign secretary and a bevy of advisors, The following day, in deference to British wishes, two Japanese representatives join the group, this becomes the Council of Ten, although most people continued to refer to it as the Supreme Council

January 19, the Peace Conference officially opens, for the next five months, Paris houses a virtual world government, “We are the league of the people,” said Clemenceau the day before that momentous ceremony, and Wilson replied, “We are the State,” Paris may have housed a world government, “but that government’s power was never as great as people, both then and since, have assumed. By the time the Supreme Council first met on January 12, Poland had been re-created, Finland and the Baltic states were well on their way to independence and Czechoslovakia had been pieced together. In the Balkans, Serbia had joined with Austria-Hungary’s South Slav territories of Croatia and Slovenia. The new entity did not yet have a name, but some people were talking of a Yugoslav state.” (P1919 58), when the Peace Conference opened on January 19, there were some observed absences: “The Greek prime minister, Venizelos, annoyed that Serbia had more delegates than his own country; Borden, the Canadian prime minister, offended that the prime minister of Little Newfoundland had been given precedence; and the Japanese, who had not yet arrived. But the most striking absence of all was that of Russia…

“An Ally in 1914, Russia had probably saved France from defeat when it attacked Germany on the Eastern Front,” but now it was reeling from the Bolshevik revolution, “As Russia collapsed, it spun off parts of its great empire: the Baltic states, Ukraine, Armenia, Georgia, Azerbaijan and Daghestan. The Allies has sent in troops in a vain attempt to bolster their disintegrating ally against the Germans, but at the start of 1918 the Bolsheviks made peace with Germany. The Allied soldiers remained on Russian soil but to do what?” (P1919 63-64) – “In that first cold winter of peace, Herbert Hoover, the American relief administrator, warned Allies that some 200 million people in the enemy countries and almost as many again among the victors and the neutral nations faced famine.” (P1919 58)

Churchill, Britain’s secretary of state for war during the Peace Conference, was one of the few to grasp that Lenin’s Bolshevism was something new on the political scene, that beneath the Marxist rhetoric was a highly disciplined, highly centralized party grasping at every lever of power it could secure. Motivated by the distant goal of a perfect world, it did not care what methods it used. “The presence of Bolshevism as opposed to many other forms of visionary political thought,” Churchill asserted, “is that it can only be propagated and maintained by violence.” Lenin and his colleagues were prepared to destroy whatever stood in their way of that vision, whether the institutions of Russian society or the Russians themselves. “Of all tyrannies in history,” Churchill told an audience in London, “the Bolshevik tyranny is the worst, the most destructive, the most degrading.”

 February 11, Friedrich Ebert becomes the first President of Germany (in office until 1925, b. 1871, d. 1925, aged 54

March, the Peace Conference reaches its crucial struggles, and the Supreme Council sheds the foreign ministers and the Japanese to become the Council of Four: Lloyd George, Clemenceau, Wilson and Orlando (P1919 53)

Dorothy Rodham (Hillary Clinton’s mom) is born in Chicago, IL

William Randolph Hearst begins building Hearst Castle in San Simeon, California (it’s built between 1919 and 1947), interesting that he’s begins building this big beautiful mansion right after one of the most devastating loss of life events in history, what a time to start building yourself a castle from money you made selling newspapers about war and death

Henry and Arabella Huntington sign a trust making their estate a public institution and their collections available “to promote the public welfare” (The Huntington Library and Gardens officially opened to visitors in 1928)

The Turkish War of Independence begins, it is a series of military campaigns waged by the Turkish National Movement after parts of the Ottoman Empire were occupied and partitioned following its defeat in World War I, the campaigns were directed against Greece in the west, Armenia in the east, France in the south, royalists and separatists in various cities, and Britain and Italy in Constantinople—Simultaneously, the Turkish Nationalist Movement carried out massacres and deportations in order to eliminate native Christian populations—a continuation of the Armenian genocide and other ethnic cleansing operations during World War I

In Vienna, the electric lights are flickering and the trams aren’t running because the coal which had once come from the north is now blocked by a new border

Solomon Guggenheim (his brother died on the Titanic only seven years ago) retires from his copper mine business and begins collecting modernist paintings (this seems odd…what’s the real story?)

August 11, Andrew Carnegie dies, aged 83, in Lenox, Massachusetts USA (b. 1835)

November 29, C.S. Lewis turns 21

December 12, Frank Sinatra turns 4

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