1870-1879 A.D. - THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA INC. & The Invention of the Lightbulb

Intro

Body

Photo - Thomas Edison's Workshop at the Thomas Edison National Park in New Jersey

 

1870

PRESIDENTS, PRIME MINISTERS & ROYALTY: Ulysses S Grant (R) is president of the United States – Queen Victoria is on the English Throne/William Ewart Gladstone is the English prime minister – French prime minsters: (Second French Empire 1852-1870) Émile Ollivier, January 2-August 9, Charles Cousin-Montauban August 9-September 4, Louis-Jules Trochu September 4-January 22 1871 – Pius IX is the pope

January 13, the Wisconsin Decatur Republican newspaper reports that two giant well preserved skeletons of an unknown race have been discovered near Potsy Wisconsin, by workers digging the foundation of a small mill near the bank of the Mississippi River, one skeleton measured 7.5 ft. and 8 ft. they both had double rows of teeth, a large collection of arrowheads were found with them (A Race of Giants, YouTube)

June 9, Charles Dickens dies in Gads Hill Place, England

June 28, Claude Monet marries Camille, just before the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian War (only lasted seven months)

July 1, The U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) is created

Charles Warren concludes his excavations in Jerusalem

“A tour of the Middle East, once regarded as a reckless jaunt, had by the post-Civil War era become a thoroughly respectable excursion. The decades after 1860 witnessed tenfold expansion in the volume of Americans sailing abroad—not only missionaries but, in vastly larger numbers, tourists as well. Nearly 2,000 travel books were published in the United States in this period and luxury steamers were booked well in advance.” (Power, Faith, and Fantasy: America in the Middle East 1776-Present Pg. 228)

During the 1870s, Democrats gradually regained power in the Southern Legislatures, after having used insurgent paramilitary groups, such as the White League and the Red Shirts, to disrupt Republican organizing, run Republican officeholders out of town, and intimidate black people to suppress their voting, extensive voter fraud was also used, in one instance, an outright coup or insurrection in coastal North Carolina led to the violent removal of democratically elected non-Democratic party executive and representative officials who were either hunted down or hounded out (Wikipedia, under Jim Crow)

John D. Rockefeller becomes the world’s first billionaire by starting the Standard Oil Company (in less than a 100 years, his grandson, Nelson Rockefeller becomes the governor of New York for over ten years, and then Vice President of the United States in 1974)

Sir Francis Galton (1822 – 1911) is studying and researching Eugenics, behavioral genetics, social Darwinism and scientific racism, Galton had become a Master Mason by 1844 (he originally became a Freemason at the United Grand Lodge of England), He is also a cousin of Charles Darwin

July 19, The Franco-Prussian (or Franco-German) War begins

September 19, The Siege of Paris (part of the Franco-Prussian War) begins and Claude Debussy’s (the composer) pregnant mother takes him and his sister, Adèle, to their paternal aunt’s home in Cannes (city on the French Riviera) and his aunt pays for his first piano lessons while there, his father stays in Paris and joins the French Commune forces (A brief revolutionary socialist government that controlled Paris from March 18-May 28 1871) but they are defeated on January 28, 1871

The lady’s steel petticoat is replaced with cane, or netted woolen fabric which the dress buttons on to, with a horse-hair pad at the small of the back to help create the fashionable “mermaid’s tail” and which required 36 yards of fabric (IVH 308)

“By 1870 the sheer quantity of life in the city [London] was overwhelming. Every eight minutes, of every day of every year, someone died in London; every five minutes, someone was born. There were forty thousand costermongers and 100,000 “winter tramps”; there were more Irish living in London than in Dublin, and more Catholics than in Rome. There were 20,000 public houses visited by 500,000 customers.” (London the Autobiography 565)

Thomas Hamilton (C.S. Lewis’ grandfather) moves his family (C.S. Lewis’ mother) to Rome where he takes up the post of chaplain at the Holy Trinity Church, where the family will live until 1874 (C.S. Lewis, A Life 7)

  

1871

PRESIDENTS, PRIME MINISTERS & ROYALTY: Ulysses S Grant (R) is president of the United States – Queen Victoria is on the English Throne/William Ewart Gladstone is the English prime minister – Louis-Jules Trochu is the French prime minister until February 19, when Jules Dufaure becomes prime minister – Alexander II is the tsar of Russia – Pius IX is the pope

February 21, at the 41st Congress, Session III, Ulysses S. Grant signs the District of Columbia Organic Act of 1871, which creates the private corporation called THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (all caps means it's a legal company name on legal documents), thereby making the House, Senate and the President both the national government of America AND employees who work for a corporation that has nothing to do with the nation, they now have their own constitution as well (See full document from the National Archives) The corporation then begins to generate debts via bonds that the 7 banking families buy up, but when they come due in 1912, the corporation will not be able to pay them; These families then settle the debt for both The United States of America corporation, as well as the Treasury of the United States of America, making America in debt to the 7 banking families (that debt has only grown up to the present day, See the Federal Reserve Act in the year 1913--one year before World War I), Keep in mind that the German Empire is formed in this year as well, with the first Kaiser (German King) ascending the throne

January 28 the Franco-Prussian War or Franco-German War is over and the “The unification of Germany” takes place, meaning the German Empire is formed, this is officially proclaimed at the Hall of Mirrors in the Palace of Versailles—as well as the coronation of Kaiser Wilhelm I (first king of the new Germany)—on  January 18, (note: the Peace Conference of 1919 opens on January 18, this was done purposefully, as that was the date the first king of the new Germany had been crowned), the German Empire includes the Kingdoms of Prussia (East Prussia, West Prussia), Bavaria, Brandenburg, Pomerania, Hanover, etc., and it lasts until its defeat in 1918

The Austro-Hungarian Empire is also in full swing

All the Italian states—after two decades of revolution—finally unify into the Kingdom of Italy

The Great Chicago Fire destroys 4 miles long and 1 mile wide of the city (during its reconstruction 1885, the city builds the world’s first skyscraper)

Communists and Marxists gather en masse to protest in Hyde Park crying, “Let the ruling classes tremble”

The book Morals and Dogma by Albert Pike, a Freemason, is published, it contains a sentence that explicitly states that satan is the "true light"

Cecil Rhodes is now 18 years old, and “thanks to funding from the ROTHCHILD & Co., he begins to systematically buy out and consolidate diamond mines [IN AFRICA], over the next two decades he gains near-complete domination of the world diamond market, forming a massive monopoly” (see 1888) (Wikipedia)

 

1872

Ulysses S Grant (R) is president of the United States – Queen Victoria is on theEnglish throne/William Ewart Gladstone is the English prime minister – Jules Dufaure is the French prime minister (there is a rumor that Marie Antoinette’s and King Charles XVI’s son is still alive and in America, he would be Louis Charles XVII, but the official record is that he died at 10 years old in 1795) – Kaiser Wilhelm I is the King of Prussia/German Emperor – Alexander II is the tsar of Russia – Oscar II becomes king of Sweden and Norway when his father Charles XV of Sweden and IV of Norway (r. 1859-1872) dies on September 18 in Malmö, Sweden – Pius IX is the pope 

Claude Debussy (French composer) is now 10 years old and back in Paris, he shows enough musical talent to be admitted to France’s leading music college, the Conservatoire de Paris, at first he studies the piano but then realizes he loves innovative composition (he dies in 1918 while Paris was still under heavy German artillery bombardment)

Yellowstone National Park is established in the US, it is the first National Park in the World

May 18, Bertrand Russell, the 3rd Earl of Russell and a British Polymath is born (d. 1970)

 

1873

PRESIDENTS, PRIME MINISTERS & ROYALTY: Ulysses S Grant is president of the United States – Queen Victoria is on the English throne/William Ewart Gladstone is the English prime minister – Jules Dufaure is the French prime minister, until May 24 when Albert, duc de Broglie – Kaiser Wilhelm I is king of Prussia/German Emperor – Alexander II is the tsar of Russia – Pius IX is the pope 

January 17, the first Battle of the Stronghold is fought during the Modoc War, this is part of the Indian Wars

February 20, The University of California opens its first medical school in San Francisco 

Colgate toothpaste begins to be sold in glass jars in the US

While protecting a railroad survey party in Montana, the Seventh Calvary, under Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer, clashes for the first time with the Sioux, near the Tongue River, only one man on each side is killed

March 1, E. Remington and Sons of New York, start production of the first practical typewriter

Construction begins on the Natural History Museum in London

The Lady’s Everyday Book along with countless other magazines are being printed in England which have several suggestions for endless fancywork to fill in the empty hours for upper-middle-class women, such as an embroidered, ornamental frame to hold matches (IVH 197, see photo)

Claude Monet finishes his impressionist painting, “Sunrise,” and it goes on exhibition the next year in Paris

Alice Eastwood, at age 14, joins her father in Denver, Colorado, there she helps with family expenses by working as a nursemaid taking care of the young children of the Scherrer family, this association proved fortuitous, as the Scherrers had a comprehensive multilingual library and ask her to regularly join her on camping trips in the Colorado mountains, on these trips Alice marveled at the Alpine vegetation, she had never encountered such diversity of plant life before, see 1879 to continue her story (https://untoldstories.net/1879/01/plant-collector-extraordinaire-alice-eastwood/)

Emancipation Day takes place in Puerto Rico and slaves are freed

September 18, the New York stock market crashes and triggers the “Panic of 1873,” part of the Long Depression, a worldwide economic recession that lasted until 1879

The Coinage Act of 1873 comes into force, ending bimetallism (monetary system in which the value of the monetary unit is defined as equivalent to certain quantities of two metals, usually silver and gold) in the U.S. and the gold standard comes into use

Coors Brewing Company begins making beer in Golden, Colorado

October 30, P.T. Barnum’s circus “The Greatest Show on Earth” debuts in New York City 

Alfred Milner begins his preparatory period for what will later be called the “Rhodes Secret Society” in 1891 and then later “The Milner Group” in 1901, Alfred Milner had a lot of influence at Balliol college in Oxford, W.T. Stead is in this with him (It is worth noting that Balliol college is mentioned in Jeffery Epstein's black book, see the year 2019)  

 

1874

PRESIDENTS, PRIME MINISTER & ROYALTY: Ulysses S Grant is president of the United States – Queen Victoria is on the English throne/William Ewart Gladstone is the English prime minister until, February 17 when Benjamin Disraeli replaces him – Albert, duc de Broglie is the French prime minister until May 22, when Ernest Courtot de Cissey replaces him – Wilhelm I is King of Prussia/German Emperor – Alexander II is the tsar of Russia – Pius IX is the pope 

January 29, John D. Rockefeller JR. is born (d. 1960) to John D. Rockefeller in Clevland, Ohio, (J.D.R. Jr. is the father of Nelson Rockefeller, who later became the Vice President in 1974-1977 under Gerald Ford, J.D.R. Jr.)

Between April and May, The Anonymous Society of Painters, Sculptors, Engravers, etc. exhibit their works together for the first time at 35 Boulevard des Capucines in Paris, it is dubbed the Impressionists by the critics this (but the group did not adopt the name until 1877), the idea of exhibiting independent from a formal gallery was radical, no group of artists had self-promoted a show outside the official French Academy’s annual Salon, their first exhibition marks the turning point for art marketing in the modern era, in total, there were 165 pieces of work done by 30 different artists included, and between 1874 and 1886 the group held eight major exhibits that included some of the best-known work of the time (thoughtco.com)

July 10, Nikola Tesla turns 18 years old in Croatia (Croatia is part of the Austrian Empire)

November 30, Winston Churchill is born in Blenheim, Oxfordshire, England

Thomas Hamilton (C.S. Lewis’ maternal grandfather) moves his family back to Ireland from Rome to take up the position of curate-in-charge of Dundela Church in the Ballyhackamore area of East Belfast

(Photo: Painting of the Vanderbilt Family titled "Going to the Opera" in 1874, by Seymour Guy)

 

 

1875

PRESIDENTS, PRIME MINISTER & ROYALTY: Ulysses S Grant is president of the United States – Queen Victoria is on the English throne/Benjamin Disraeli is English prime minister – Ernest Courtot de Cissey is the French prime minster until March 10, when Louis Buffet replaces him – Kaiser Wilhelm I is King of Prussia/German Emperor – Alexander II is the tsar of Russia – Pius IX is the pope

Adolph von Menzel, the prominent German painter completes his piece Iron Rolling-Mill (The Visual Arts, A History, Pg. 685)

June 26, Karl Jung (who becomes a psychiatrist and psychoanalyst and good friends with Sigmund Freud until their falling out) is born in Kesswil, Thurgau, Switzerland (dies 1961)

July 10, Nikola Tesla turns 19 years old in Croatia (Croatia is part of the Austrian Empire)

November 30, Winston Churchill turns 1

 

1876

PRESIDENTS, PRIME MINISTER & ROYALTY: Ulysses S Grant is president of the United States – Queen Victoria is on the English throne/Benjamin Disraeli is English prime minister – Louis Buffet is the French prime minister until February 23, when Jules Armand Dufaure replaces him, until December 12, when Jules Simon replaces him – Kaiser Wilhelm I is King of Prussia/German Emperor – Alexander II is the tsar of Russia – Pius IX is the pope

The book, The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, by Mark Twain is published

The book, Earth’s Earliest Ages, by G.H. Pember is published

July 10, Nikola Tesla turns 20 years old in Croatia (Croatia is part of the Austrian Empire)

November 30, Winston Churchill turns 2

 

1877

PRESIDENTS, PRIME MINISTER & ROYALTY: Ulysses S Grant is president of the United States until March 4 when Rutherford B. Hayes becomes president – Queen Victoria is on the English throne/Benjamin Disraeli is English prime minister – Jules Simon is the French prime minister until May 17, when Albert, duc de Broglie replace him, until November 23, Gaëtan de Rochebouët replaces him until December 13, when Jules Armand Dufaure replaces him – Kaiser Wilhelm I is King of Prussia/German Emperor – Alexander II is the tsar of Russia – Pius IX is the pope

A compromise to gain Southern support in the presidential election results in the government’s withdrawing the last of the federal troops from the South, and white Democrats regain power in every Southern State—these Southern, white, Democratic “Redeemer” governments legislated Jim Crow laws, officially segregating black people from the white population, Jim Crow laws were a manifestation of authoritarian rule specifically directed at one racial group

Thomas Edison invents the phonograph; it is improved upon by Alexander Graham Bell’s Volta Laboratory during the 1880s

June 17, the U.S. Calvary and the Nez Perce tribe engage in battle in what is now the Nez Perce Reservation in Idaho, it was an emphatic win for the Nez Perce tribe

July 10, Nikola Tesla turns 21 years old in Croatia (Croatia is part of the Austrian Empire)

November 30, Winston Churchill turns 3

 

1878

PRESIDENTS, PRIME MINISTER & ROYALTY: Rutherford B. Hayes is president – Queen Victoria is on the English throne/Benjamin Disraeli is English prime minister – Jules Simon is the French prime minister – Kaiser Wilhelm I is King of Prussia/German Emperor – Alexander II is the tsar of Russia – Pius IX is the pope until February 7 when he dies and on February 20, Leo VIII becomes the 256th pope

The former US President, Ulysses S. Grant, tours the Middle East

A photo is taken of Thomas Edison with his second phonograph (see photo)

July 10, Nikola Tesla turns 22 years old in Croatia (Croatia is part of the Austrian Empire)

October 17, John Macdonald (1815-1891) is re-elected as prime minister of Canada

November 30, Winston Churchill turns 4

December 18, Joseph Stalin is born in Gori, Tiflis Governate, Caucasus Viceroyalty, Russian Empire (now Georgia) (in office from 1922-1952, d. 1953)

 

1879

PRESIDENTS, PRIME MINISTER & ROYALTY: Rutherford B. Hayes is president – Victoria is on the English throne – William I is on the Prussian throne

Thomas Edison invents the light bulb in January

Margaret Sanger is born (founder of organizations that evolved into Planned Parenthood)

March 14, Albert Einstein is born in Ulm, Germany

July 10, Nikola Tesla turns 23 years old in Croatia (Croatia is part of the Austrian Empire)

The book, Haworth Past and Present by J. Horsefall Turner is printed (and I buy it in a little bookshop overlooking Bolton Abbey in Yorkshire in 2016)

The Hungarian Dances are completed by Johannes Brahms (German composer), they become his most popular set of works (21 in all)

Claude Debussy (French Composer) is fresh out of music school and secures a summer job at the Château de Chenonceau (a French chateau that spans the River Cher in the Loire Valley that was once home to Catherine de’ Medici in 1559), here he rapidly gains a taste for luxury that remained with him all his life

Nathaniel/Nathan Rothschild (great, great, grandson of the original Rothschild) takes over the England bank when his father dies

Thomas Hamilton (C.S. Lewis’ maternal grandfather) is installed as the new rector of the newly built parish church of St. Mark’s, Dundela, in May 1879

November 30, Winston Churchill turns 5

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