1750-1769 A.D. - The Rothschilds' Five Arrows of Banking

Intro

Body

Music

Photo

 

1750

King George II is on the English throne – Empress Elizaveta (Elizabeth) Petrovna is on the Russian throne – Frederick II is on the Prussian throne – Louis XV is on the French throne – Francis I is Holy Roman Emperor and king of Germany

Johann Sebastian Bach dies in Leipzig, Germany

The Baroque era ends and the Classical era begins in Europe (approx.)

At this time, the area which will later become Chicago, Illinois, is inhabited by the Potawatmoni Native American tribe who had succeeded the Miami, Sauk and Fox peoples of the region

The Westminster Bridge in London is opened in the winter

 

1751

King George II is on the English throne – Empress Elizaveta (Elizabeth) Petrovna is on the Russian throne – Frederick II is on the Prussian throne – Louis XV is on the French throne – Francis I is Holy Roman Emperor and king of Germany

 

1752  

King George II is on the English throne – Empress Elizaveta (Elizabeth) Petrovna is on the Russian throne – Frederick II is on the Prussian throne – Louis XV is on the French throne – Francis I is Holy Roman Emperor and king of Germany

A drawing of Independence Hall (will be built next year) is drawn up (see photo)

 

1753  

King George II is on the English throne – Empress Elizaveta (Elizabeth) Petrovna is on the Russian throne – Frederick II is on the Prussian throne – Louis XV is on the French throne – Francis I is Holy Roman Emperor and king of Germany

The British Museum is founded (opens its doors in 1759)

Independence Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania is built (in which both the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution will later be signed), right now is serving the as the capitol for the Province and Commonwealth of Pennsylvania (until 1799 when it’s moved to Lancaster)

 

1754

King George II is on the English throne – Empress Elizaveta (Elizabeth) Petrovna is on the Russian throne – Frederick II is on the Prussian throne – Louis XV is on the French throne – Francis I is Holy Roman Emperor and king of Germany

Stephen Hopkins, a legislature in Rhode Island (and later one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence) is a delegate to the Albany Congress, where Representatives from seven colonies meet to discuss their relationships with the tribes and the French, Benjamin Franklin is there as well and they become friends (STLA 57)

 

1755 

King George II is on the English throne – Empress Elizaveta (Elizabeth) Petrovna is on the Russian throne – Frederick II is on the Prussian throne – Louis XV is on the French throne – Francis I is Holy Roman Emperor and king of Germany  

Alexander Hamilton is born in Charlestown in St. Kitts and Nevis (or possibly in 1757)

 

1756

King George II is on the English throne – Empress Elizaveta (Elizabeth) Petrovna is on the Russian throne – Frederick II is on the Prussian throne – Louis XV is on the French throne – Francis I is Holy Roman Emperor and king of Germany

May 17, the Seven Years’ War begins, it is a global conflict, a struggle for global primacy between Britain and France, which also has a major effect on the Spanish Empire, in Europe, the conflict arose from issues left unresolved by the War of the Austrian Succession (1740-1748)

New Road in London is laid out between 1756-1757 as the northern boundary of London, in this period, London, having expanded westwards and created the West End earlier in the century, shot northwards, here new squares were built—with some substantial mansions built by well-known architects like Robert Adam—were constructed on the fields of the Harley-Cavendish estate, land belonging to Edward Harley, the second earl of Oxford, who had formed a shrewd marriage alliance with the Cavendish family, starting from the nucleus of Cavendish Square, streets such as Harley Street, Portland Place, Bentinck Street (the latter two named after William Bentinck, the second duke of Portland, who married a Cavendish daughter), and Welbeck Street (named after Welbeck Abbey, the Portland family home), were developed (fyi, the third duke of Portland, William Henry Cavendish-Bentinck becomes Prime Minister in 1783, and again in 1807-1809) (LMWKE 68)  

 

1757

King George II is on the English throne – Empress Elizaveta (Elizabeth) Petrovna is on the Russian throne – Frederick II is on the Prussian throne – Francis I is Holy Roman Emperor and king of Germany

Mayer Amschel Rothschild secures an apprenticeship with Jacob Simon Wolf Oppenheimer (a German Jewish Banker) at the banking firm Simon Wolf Oppenheimer in Hanover, Germany (Oppenheimer teaches Rothschild useful knowledge in foreign trade and currency exchange, before he returns to his brother’s business in Frankfurt in 1763

The British East India Company begins ruling in India on behalf of the English Crown (the company was founded in 1600)

The houses upon London Bridge are finally demolished and, in the same year, the noisome Fleet Ditch is filled and covered, and the Fleet River itself embanked (LTA 302)

The Seven Years’ War continues

 

1758

King George II is on the English throne – Empress Elizaveta (Elizabeth) Petrovna is on the Russian throne – Frederick II is on the Prussian throne – Francis I is Holy Roman Emperor and king of Germany

Carl Linnaeus is knighted in Sweden

The Seven Years’ War continues

 

1759 

King George II is on the English throne – Empress Elizaveta (Elizabeth) Petrovna is on the Russian throne – Frederick II is on the Prussian throne – Francis I is Holy Roman Emperor and king of Germany

The British Museum opens on January 15 – William Wilberforce is born in August 24 (d. 1825)

The Seven Years’ War continues

 

1760

King George III ascends to the English throne on the death of his grandfather King George II – Empress Elizaveta (Elizabeth) Petrovna is on the Russian throne – Frederick II is on the Prussian throne – Francis I is Holy Roman Emperor and king of Germany

The Seven Years’ War continues

 

1761

King George III is on the throne of England – Empress Elizaveta (Elizabeth) Petrovna is on the Russian throne – Ivan VI (who was betrayed in a coup by Elizaveta) dies in prison when some army officers try to free him, he was 23 years old – Francis I is Holy Roman Emperor and king of Germany – The Seven Years’ War continues

The City gates of London are removed to encourage freer access into the center of London

 

1762

King George III is on the throne of England – Peter III ascends to the Russian throne on January 5, but dies in July so his wife, Catherine the Great, ascends to the Russian throne – Frederick II is on the Prussian throne – Francis I is Holy Roman Emperor and king of Germany 

The Trevi Fountain in Rome is built, it is at the junction of three roads (tre vie) which marks the terminal point at the “modern” Acqua Vergine, the revived Aqua Virgo, one of the aqueducts that supplied water to ancient Rome

The Westminster Paving Act of 1762 inaugurated legislative for lighting and paving throughout the city, and thus initiated a general cleansing and clearing of the civic thoroughfares (LTA 302)

The Seven Years’ War continues

 

1763  

King George III is on the throne of EnglandCatherine the Great is on the Russian throne – Frederick II is on the Prussian throne – Francis I is Holy Roman Emperor and king of Germany

Mayer Rothschild goes back to his brother’s business in Frankfurt, Germany and becomes a dealer in rare coins

The Seven Years’ War finally ends (started in 1756)

In London, there is an advertisement that in the “great room” of the Spring Gardens the seven-year-old Mozart would be seen “Playing the Harpsichord in a Perfection it surmounts all…imagination.” (LTB 171)

 

1764 

King George III is on the throne of England Catherine the Great is on the Russian throne – Frederick II is on the Prussian throne – Francis I is Holy Roman Emperor and king of Germany

Stephen Hopkins from Rhode Island, who will be one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence, writes an article in Providence Gazette and County Journal (which he helped found to combat the existing Tory press) titled “The Rights of the Colonies Examined,” which is not only reprinted throughout the colonies but makes its way to England as well where it garners lots of attention (STLA 57) 

 

1765

King George III is on the throne of EnglandCatherine the Great is on the Russian throne – Frederick II is on the Prussian throne – Joseph II is Holy Roman Emperor (this includes Germany and Italy)

 

1766

King George III is on the throne of EnglandCatherine the Great is on the Russian throne – Frederick II is on the Prussian throne – Joseph II is Holy Roman Emperor (this includes Germany and Italy)  

 

1767

King George III is on the throne of EnglandCatherine the Great is on the Russian throne – Frederick II is on the Prussian throne – Joseph II is Holy Roman Emperor (this includes Germany and Italy)  

 

1768

King George III is on the throne of EnglandCatherine the Great is on the Russian throne – Frederick II is on the Prussian throne – Joseph II is Holy Roman Emperor (this includes Germany and Italy) 

Catherine the Great begins her war with the Ottoman Empire during the Russo-Turkish War (1768-1774)

The Bar Confederation forms, an association of Polish nobles formed at the fortress of Bar in Podolia (now part of Ukraine) to defend the internal and external independence of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth against the Russian influence and against King Stanislaus II Augustus with Polish reformers, who were attempting to limit the power of the Commonwealth’s wealthy magnates (its creation led to a civil war and contributed to the First Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth

 

1769  

King George III is on the throne of England – Catherine the Great is on the Russian throne – Frederick II is on the Prussian throne – Joseph II is Holy Roman Emperor (this includes Germany and Italy)

Russia is at war with the Ottoman Empire in the Russo-Turkish War

Napoleon Bonaparte is born

Mayer Amschel Rothschild wins the patronage of Crown Prince Wilhelm of Hesse (Also William I, grandson of King George II of Britain, and son of Fredrick II, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel, and Princess Mary of Britain, King George II’s daughter, William/Wilhelm had earlier patronized Rothschild’s father and he eventually becomes Wilhelm IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel in 1785)

 A church is built for the Native American tribe in “Upper Castle” by William Johnson, the British agent to the Iroquoi, (it still stands in the present day, and is called Indian Castle Church)

The San Diego Mission is founded by friar Junípero Serra in an area long inhabited by the Kumeyaay people, “with the Spanish arrival came horses, mules, oxen and sheep, and they multiplied and thrived. They also devastated indigenous plants and animals, shaping much of California’s now iconic landscape of hillsides barren of all but oaks and dry grasses. The state’s indigenous people were forced to find new food sources, and many of them had little choice but to leave their villages for the missions.” (California mission historian, Steve Hackel)

August 24, William Wilberforce turns 10 years old

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